Ki Tisa | כי תשא | “When You Take”

Deu 6:4  שׁמע  ישׂראל  יהוה  אלהינו  יהוה  אחד׃  

Deu 6:4  “Hear, O Yisra’ĕl: יהוה our Elohim, יהוה is one!

Ki Tisa, Ki Tissa, Ki Thissa, or Ki Sisa (כִּי תִשָּׂא‎ — Hebrew for “when you take,” the sixth and seventh words, and first distinctive words in the parashah) is the 21st weekly Torah portion (פָּרָשָׁה‎, parashah) in the annual cycle of Torah reading and the ninth in the Book of Exodus. The parashah tells of building the Tabernacle, the incident of the Golden calf, the request of Moses for יהוה to reveal his attributes, and how Moses became radiant.

The parashah constitutes Exodus 30:11–34:35. The parashah is the longest of the weekly Torah portions in the book of Exodus (although not the longest in the Torah), and is made up of 7,424 Hebrew letters, 2,002 Hebrew words, and 139 verses, and can occupy about 245 lines in a Torah scroll (סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה‎, Sefer Torah). (The longest parashah in the Torah is Naso.)[1]

Read on the 21st Sabbath after Simchat Torah, in the Hebrew month of Adar, corresponding to February or March in the secular calendar. Jews also read the first part of the parashah, Exodus 30:11–16, regarding the half-shekel head tax, as the maftir Torah reading on the special Sabbath Shabbat Shekalim (as on March 1, 2014, when Exodus 30:11–16 was read along with parashah Pekudei). Jews also read parts of the parashah addressing the intercession of Moses and God’s mercy, Exodus 32:11–14 and 34:1–10, as the Torah readings on the fast days of the Tenth of Tevet, the Fast of Esther, the Seventeenth of Tammuz, and the Fast of Gedaliah, and for the afternoon (Mincha) prayer service on Tisha B’Av. Jews read another part of the parashah, Exodus 34:1–26, which addresses the Three Pilgrim Festivals (Shalosh Regalim), as the initial Torah reading on the third intermediate day (Chol HaMoed) of Passover. And Jews read a larger selection from the same part of the parashah, Exodus 33:12–34:26, as the initial Torah reading on a Sabbath that falls on one of the intermediate days of Passover or Sukkot.

Torah: Exodus 30:11 – 34:35 

1st reading (עליה, aliyah)  Shemot 30:11 – 31:17

Exo 30:11  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, 

Exo 30:12  “When you take the census of the children of Yisra’ěl, to register them, then each one shall give an atonement for his life to יהוה, when you register them, so that there is no plague among them when you register them. 

Exo 30:13  “Everyone among those who are registered is to give this: half a sheqel according to the sheqel of the set-apart place, twenty gěrahs being a sheqel. The half-sheqel is the contribution to יהוה. 

Exo 30:14  “Everyone passing over to be registered, from twenty years old and above, gives a contribution to יהוה. 

Exo 30:15  “The rich does not give more and the poor does not give less than half a sheqel, when you give a contribution to יהוה, to make atonement for yourselves. 

Exo 30:16  “And you shall take the silver for the atonement from the children of Yisra’ěl, and give it for the service of the Tent of Appointment. And it shall be to the children of Yisra’ěl for a remembrance before יהוה, to make atonement for yourselves.” 

Exo 30:17  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, 

Exo 30:18  “And you shall make a basin of bronze, with its stand also of bronze, for washing. And you shall put it between the Tent of Appointment and the slaughter-place, and shall put water in it. 

Exo 30:19  “And Aharon and his sons shall wash from it their hands and their feet. 

Exo 30:20  “When they go into the Tent of Appointment, or when they come near the slaughter-place to attend, to burn an offering made by fire to יהוה, they wash with water, lest they die. 

Exo 30:21  “And they shall wash their hands and their feet, lest they die. And it shall be a law forever to them, to him and his seed throughout their generations.” 

Exo 30:22  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, 

Exo 30:23  “And take for yourself choice spices, five hundred sheqels of liquid myrrh, and half as much – two hundred and fifty – of sweet-smelling cinnamon, and two hundred and fifty of sweet-smelling cane, 

Exo 30:24  and five hundred of cassia, according to the sheqel of the set-apart place, and a hin of olive oil. 

Exo 30:25  “And you shall make from these a set-apart anointing oil, a compound, blended, the work of a perfumer. It is a set-apart anointing oil. 

Exo 30:26  “And with it you shall anoint the Tent of Appointment and the ark of the Witness, 

Exo 30:27  and the table and all its utensils, and the lampstand and its utensils, and the slaughter-place of incense, 

Exo 30:28  and the slaughter-place of ascending offering with all its utensils, and the basin and its stand. 

Exo 30:29  “And you shall set them apart, and they shall be most set-apart. Whatever touches them is to be set-apart. 

Exo 30:30  “And you shall anoint Aharon and his sons, and set them apart, to serve as priests to Me. 

Exo 30:31  “And speak to the children of Yisra’ěl, saying, ‘This is a set-apart anointing oil to Me throughout your generations. 

Exo 30:32  ‘It shall not be poured on the flesh of a man, and make no other like it, according to its composition. It is set-apart, it is set-apart to you. 

Exo 30:33  ‘Whoever compounds any like it, or whoever puts any of it on a stranger, shall be cut off from his people.’ ” 

Exo 30:34  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Take sweet spices, fragrant gum and cinnamon and galbanam, and clear frankincense with these sweet spices, all in equal amounts. 

Exo 30:35  “Then you shall make of these an incense, a compound, work of a perfumer, salted, clean, set-apart. 

Exo 30:36  “And you shall beat some of it very fine, and put some of it before the Witness in the Tent of Appointment where I meet with you, it is most set-apart to you. 

Exo 30:37  “And the incense which you make, do not make any for yourselves, according to its composition, it is set-apart to you for יהוה. 

Exo 30:38  “Whoever makes any like it, to smell it, he shall be cut off from his people.” 

Exo 31:1  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, 

Exo 31:2  “See, I have called by name Betsal’ěl son of Uri, son of Ḥur, of the tribe of Yehuḏah, 

Exo 31:3  and I have filled him with the Spirit of Elohim in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all work, 

Exo 31:4  to make designs for work in gold, and in silver, and in bronze, 

Exo 31:5  and in cutting stones for setting, and in carving wood, and to work in all work. 

Exo 31:6  “And I, look I have appointed with him Oholiaḇ son of Aḥisamaḵ, of the tribe of Dan And I have put wisdom in the hearts of everyone who is wise-hearted, and they shall make all that I have commanded you: 

Exo 31:7  the Tent of Appointment, and the ark of the Witness and the lid of atonement that is on it, and all the utensils of the Tent, 

Exo 31:8  and the table and its utensils, and the clean gold lampstand with all its utensils, and the slaughter-place of incense, 

Exo 31:9  and the slaughter-place of ascending offering with all its utensils, and the basin and its stand, 

Exo 31:10  and the woven garments, and the set-apart garments for Aharon the priest and the garments of his sons, for serving as priests, 

Exo 31:11  and the anointing oil and sweet incense for the Set-apart Place. According to all that I have commanded you, they are to do.” 

Exo 31:12  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, 

Exo 31:13  “And you, speak to the children of Yisra’ěl, saying, ‘My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a signa between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, יהוה, am setting you apart. Footnote: aAlso see Eze_20:12 and Eze_20:20. 

Exo 31:14  ‘And you shall guard the Sabbath, for it is set-apart to you. Everyone who profanes it shall certainly be put to death, for anyone who does work on it, that being shall be cut off from among his people. 

Exo 31:15  ‘Six days work is done, and on the seventh is a Sabbath of rest, set-apart to יהוה. Everyone doing work on the Sabbath day shall certainly be put to death. 

Exo 31:16  ‘And the children of Yisra’ěl shall guard the Sabbath, to perform the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant. 

Exo 31:17  ‘Between Me and the children of Yisra’ěl it is a sign forever. For in six days יהוה made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ” 

2nd reading (עליה, aliyah)  Shemot 31:18 – 33:11

Exo 31:18  And when He had ended speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave Mosheh two tablets of the Witness, tablets of stone, written with the finger of Elohim. 

Exo 32:1  And when the people saw that Mosheh was so long in coming down from the mountain, the people gathered together to Aharon, and said to him, “Arise, make us mighty ones who go before us. For this Mosheh, the man who brought us up out of the land of Mitsrayim, we do not know what has become of him.” 

Exo 32:2  And Aharon said to them, “Take off the golden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.” 

Exo 32:3  “And all the people took off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aharon. 

Exo 32:4  And he took this from their hand, and he formed it with an engraving tool, and made a moulded calf. And they said, “This is your mighty one, O Yisra’ěl, that brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim!” 

Exo 32:5  And Aharon saw and built a slaughter-place before it. And Aharon called out and said, “Tomorrow is a festival to יהוה.” 

Exo 32:6  And they rose early on the next day, and offered ascending offerings, and brought peace offerings. And the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. 

Exo 32:7  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Mitsrayim have corrupted themselves. 

Exo 32:8  “They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a moulded calf, and have bowed themselves to it and slaughtered to it, and said, ‘This is your mighty one, O Yisra’ěl, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim!’ ” 

Exo 32:9  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “I have seen this people, and see, it is a stiff-necked people! 

Exo 32:10  “And now, let Me alone, that My wrath might burn against them and I consume them and I make of you a great nation.” 

Exo 32:11  But Mosheh pleaded with יהוה his Elohim, and said, “יהוה, why does Your wrath burn against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Mitsrayim with great power and with a strong hand? 

Exo 32:12  “Why should the Mitsrites speak, and say, ‘For evil He brought them out to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from the heat of Your wrath, and relent from this evil to Your people. 

Exo 32:13  “Remember Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq, and Yisra’ěl, Your servants, to whom You swore by Yourself, and said to them, ‘I increase your seed like the stars of the heavens. And all this land that I have spoken of I give to your seed, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ” 

Exo 32:14  And יהוה relented from the evil which He said He would do to His people. 

Exo 32:15  And Mosheh turned and went down from the mountain, and in his hand were the two tablets of the Witness, tablets written on both their sides, written on the one and on the other. 

Exo 32:16  And the tablets were the work of Elohim, and the writing was the writing of Elohim engraved on the tablets. 

Exo 32:17  And Yehoshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted and he said to Mosheh, “A noise of battle in the camp!” 

Exo 32:18  But he said, “It is not the sound of those who shout of might, nor is it the sound of those who cry out in weakness, but the sound of singing that I hear.” 

Exo 32:19  And it came to be, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. And Mosheh’s displeasure burned, and he threw the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain. 

Exo 32:20  And he took the calf which they had made, and burned it in the fire, and ground it into powder, and scattered it on the face of the water and made the children of Yisra’ěl drink it. 

Exo 32:21  And Mosheh said to Aharon, “What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?” 

Exo 32:22  And Aharon said, “Do not let the displeasure of my master burn. You know the people, that it is in evil. 

Exo 32:23  “And they said to me, ‘Make us mighty ones who go before us. For this Mosheh, the man who brought us out of the land of Mitsrayim, we do not know what has become of him.’ 

Exo 32:24  “And I said to them, ‘Whoever has gold, let them take it off.’ And they gave it to me, and I threw it into the fire, and this calf came out.” 

Exo 32:25  And Mosheh saw that the people were let loose, for Aharon had let them loose, to their shame among their enemies. 

Exo 32:26  And Mosheh stood in the entrance of the camp, and said, “Who is for יהוה? Come to me.” And all the sons of Lěwi gathered themselves to him. 

Exo 32:27  And he said to them, “Thus said יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ěl: ‘Each one put his sword on his side, pass over to and fro from gate to gate in the camp, and each one kill his brother, and each one his friend, and each one his relative.’ ” 

Exo 32:28  And the sons of Lěwi did according to the word of Mosheh. And about three thousand men of the people fell that day. 

Exo 32:29  And Mosheh said, “You are ordained for יהוה today – since each one has been against his son and his brother – so as to bring upon you a blessing today.” 

Exo 32:30  And it came to be on the next day that Mosheh said to the people, “You, you have sinned a great sin. And now I am going up to יהוה – if I might atone for your sin.” 

Exo 32:31  And Mosheh returned to יהוה and said, “Oh, these people have sinned a great sin, and have made for themselves a mighty one of gold! 

Exo 32:32  “And now, if You would forgive their sin, but if not, please blot me out of Your book which You have written.” 

Exo 32:33  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I blot him out of My book. 

Exo 32:34  “And now, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. See, My Messenger goes before you. And in the day of My visitation I shall visit their sin upon them.” 

Exo 32:35  And יהוה plagued the people because they made the calf, which Aharon made. 

Exo 33:1  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Come, go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Mitsrayim, to the land of which I swore to Aḇraham, to Yitsḥaq, and to Ya‛aqoḇ, saying, ‘To your seed I give it.’ 

Exo 33:2  “And I shall send My Messenger before you, and I shall drive out the Kena‛anite and the Amorite and the Ḥittite and the Perizzite and the Ḥiwwite and the Yeḇusite, 

Exo 33:3  to a land flowing with milk and honey. For I do not go up in your midst because you are a stiff-necked people, lest I consume you on the way.” 

Exo 33:4  And when the people heard this evil word, they mourned, and no one put on his ornaments. 

Exo 33:5  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Say to the children of Yisra’ěl, ‘You are a stiff-necked people. Should I go up in your midst for one moment I shall consume you. And now, take off your ornaments, and I shall know what to do to you.’ ” 

Exo 33:6  So the children of Yisra’ěl took off their ornaments at Mount Ḥorěḇ. 

Exo 33:7  And Mosheh took his tent and pitched it outside the camp, far from the camp, and called it the Tent of Appointment. And it came to be that everyone who sought יהוה went out to the Tent of Appointment which was outside the camp. 

Exo 33:8  And it came to be, whenever Mosheh went out to the Tent, that all the people rose, and each man stood at his tent door and watched Mosheh until he entered the Tent. 

Exo 33:9  And it came to be, when Mosheh entered the Tent, that the column of cloud descended and stood at the door of the Tent, and He spoke with Mosheh. 

Exo 33:10  And all the people saw the column of cloud standing at the Tent door, and all the people rose and bowed themselves, each one at the door of his tent. 

Exo 33:11  Thus יהוה spoke to Mosheh face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he would return to the camp, but his servant Yehoshua son of Nun, a young man, did not leave the Tent. 

3rd reading (עליה, aliyah)  Shemot 33:12 – 33:16

Exo 33:12  And Mosheh said to יהוה, “See, You are saying to me, ‘Bring up this people.’ But You have not made known to me whom You would send with me, though You have said, ‘I know you by name, and you have also found favour in My eyes.’ 

Exo 33:13  “And now, please, if I have found favour in Your eyes, please show me Your way, and let me know You, so that I find favour in Your eyes. And consider that this nation is Your people.” 

Exo 33:14  And He said, “My Presence does go, and I shall give you rest.” 

Exo 33:15  And he said to Him, “If Your Presence is not going, do not lead us up from here. 

Exo 33:16  “For how then shall it be known that I have found favour in Your eyes, I and Your people, except You go with us? Then we shall be distinguished, I and Your people, from all the people who are upon the face of the earth.” 

4th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Shemot 33:17 – 33:23

Exo 33:17  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Even this word you have spoken I shall do, for you have found favour in My eyes, and I know you by name.” 

Exo 33:18  Then he said, “Please, show me Your esteem.” 

Exo 33:19  And He said, “I shall cause all My goodness to pass before you, and I shall proclaim the Name of יהוה before you. And I shall favour him whom I favour, and shall have compassion on him whom I have compassion.” 

Exo 33:20  But He said, “You are unable to see My face, for no man does see Me and live.” 

Exo 33:21  And יהוה said, “See, there is a place with Me! And you shall stand on the rock. 

Exo 33:22  “And it shall be, while My esteem passes by, that I shall put you in the cleft of the rock and cover you with My hand while I pass by. 

Exo 33:23  “Then I shall take away My hand and you shall see My back, but My face shall not be seen.” 

5th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Shemot 34:1 – 34:9

Exo 34:1  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I shall write on these tablets the Words that were on the first tablets which you broke. 

Exo 34:2  “And be ready in the morning. Then you shall come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself to Me there on the top of the mountain. 

Exo 34:3  “And let no man come up with you, and let no man be seen in all the mountain, and let not even the flock or the herd feed in front of that mountain.” 

Exo 34:4  And he cut two tablets of stone like the first ones. Then Mosheh rose early in the morning and went up Mount Sinai, as יהוה had commanded him, and he took two tablets of stone in his hand. 

Exo 34:5  And יהוה came down in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed the Name, יהוה. 

Exo 34:6  And יהוה passed before him and proclaimed, “יהוה ,יהוה, an Ěl compassionate and showing favour, patient, and great in loving-commitment and truth, 

Exo 34:7  watching over loving-commitment for thousands, forgiving crookedness and transgression and sin, but by no means leaving unpunished,a visiting the crookedness of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation.” Footnote: aAlso see Num_14:18 and Jer_30:11. 

Exo 34:8  And Mosheh hurried and bowed himself toward the earth, and did obeisance, 

Exo 34:9  and said, “If, now, I have found favour in Your eyes, O יהוה, I pray, let יהוה go on in our midst, even though we are a stiff-necked people. And forgive our crookedness and our sin, and take us as Your inheritance.” 

6th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Shemot 34:10 – 34:26

Exo 34:10  And He said, “See, I am making a covenant. Before all your people I am going to do wonders such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation. And all the people among whom you are shall see the work of יהוה. For what I am doing with you is awesome. 

Exo 34:11  “Guard what I command you today. See, I am driving out from before you the Amorite and the Kena‛anite and the Ḥittite and the Perizzite and the Ḥiwwite and the Yeḇusite. 

Exo 34:12  “Guard yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you are going, lest it be a snare in your midst. 

Exo 34:13  “But break down their slaughter-places, and smash their pillars, and cut down their Ashěrim – 

Exo 34:14  for you do not bow yourselves to another mighty one, for יהוה, whose Name is jealous, is a jealous Ěl – 

Exo 34:15  lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they whore after their mighty ones, and slaughter to their mighty ones, and one of them invites you and you eat of his slaughterings, 

Exo 34:16  and you take of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters whore after their mighty ones, and make your sons whore after their mighty ones. 

Exo 34:17  “Do not make a moulded mighty one for yourselves. 

Exo 34:18  “Guard the Festival of Matzot.b For seven days you eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the new moon of Aḇiḇ, because in the new moon of Aḇiḇ you came out from Mitsrayim. Footnote: bUnleavened Bread. 

Exo 34:19  “Everyone opening the womb is Mine, and every male first-born among your livestock, whether bull or sheep. 

Exo 34:20  “But the first-born of a donkey you ransom with a lamb. And if you do not ransom, then you shall break his neck. Every first-born of your sons you shall ransom. And they shall not appear before Me empty-handed. 

Exo 34:21  “Six days you work, but on the seventh day you rest – in ploughing time and in harvest you rest. 

Exo 34:22  “And perform the Festival of Shaḇuʽothc for yourself, of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingatheringd at the turn of the year. Footnotes: cWeeks. dFestival of Sukkot (Booths). 

Exo 34:23  “Three times in the year all your men are to appear before the Master, יהוה, the Elohim of Yisra’ěl, 

Exo 34:24  for I dispossess nations before you, and shall enlarge your borders, and let no one covet your land when you go up to appear before יהוה your Elohim three times in the year. 

Exo 34:25  “Do not slay the blood of My slaughtering with leaven, and do not let the slaughtering of the Festival of the Pěsaḥe remain until morning. Footnote: ePassover. 

Exo 34:26  “Bring the first of the first-fruits of your land to the House of יהוה your Elohim. Do not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk.” 

7th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Shemot 34:27 – 34:35

Exo 34:27  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Write these Words, for according to the mouth of these Words I have made a covenant with you and with Yisra’ěl.” 

Exo 34:28  And he was there with יהוה forty days and forty nights. He did not eat bread and he did not drink water. And He wrote on the tablets the Words of the covenant, the Ten Words. 

Exo 34:29  And it came to be, when Mosheh came down from Mount Sinai, while the two tablets of the Witness were in Mosheh’s hand when he came down from the mountain, that Mosheh did not know that the skin of his face shone since he had spoken with Him. 

Exo 34:30  And Aharon and all the children of Yisra’ěl looked at Mosheh and saw the skin of his face shone, and they were afraid to come near him. 

Exo 34:31  But Mosheh called out to them, and Aharon and all the rulers of the congregation returned to him, and Mosheh spoke to them. 

Exo 34:32  And afterward all the children of Yisra’ěl came near, and he commanded them all that יהוה had spoken with him on Mount Sinai. 

Exo 34:33  And when Mosheh ended speaking with them, he put a veil on his face. 

Exo 34:34  But whenever Mosheh went in before יהוה to speak with Him, he would remove the veil until he came out. And when he came out he spoke to the children of Yisra’ěl what he had been commanded, 

Exo 34:35  and the children of Yisra’ěl would see the face of Mosheh, that the skin of Mosheh’s face shone, and Mosheh would put the veil on his face again, until he went in to speak with Him. 

Prophets: 1 Kings 18:1-39

1Ki 18:1  And after many days it came to be that the word of יהוה came to Ěliyahu, in the third year, saying, “Go, present yourself to Aḥaḇ, and I give rain on the earth.” 

1Ki 18:2  Thereupon Ěliyahu went to present himself to Aḥaḇ. And the scarcity of food in Shomeron was severe.a Footnote: aLit. strong. 

1Ki 18:3  And Aḥaḇ had called Oḇaḏyahu, who was over his house. Now Oḇaḏyahu feared יהוה exceedingly. 

1Ki 18:4  And it came to be, while Izeḇel cut down the prophets of יהוה, that Oḇaḏyahu had taken one hundred prophets and hidden them, fifty to a cave, and had fed them with bread and water. 

1Ki 18:5  And Aḥaḇ had said to Oḇaḏyahu, “Go into the land to all the springs of water and to all the wadis, it could be that we find grass to keep the horses and mules alive, and not have any livestock cut off. 

1Ki 18:6  And they divided the land between them to pass over it, Aḥaḇ went one way by himself, and Oḇaḏyahu went another way by himself. 

1Ki 18:7  And as Oḇaḏyahu was on his way, then see, Ěliyahu met him. And he recognised him, and fell on his face, and said, “Is that you, my master Ěliyahu?” 

1Ki 18:8  And he answered him, “It is I. Go, say to your master, ‘Ěliyahu is here.’ ” 

1Ki 18:9  And he said, “What have I sinned, that you are giving your servant into the hand of Aḥaḇ, to kill me? 

1Ki 18:10  “As יהוה your Elohim lives, there is no nation or reign where my master has not sent to look for you. And when they said, ‘He is not here,’ he made the reign or nation swear that they could not find you. 

1Ki 18:11  “And now you say, ‘Go, say to your master, “Ěliyahu is here” ’! 

1Ki 18:12  “And it shall be, as soon as I am gone from you, that the Spirit of יהוה takes you away to a place I do not know. And I shall come to report to Aḥaḇ, and when he does not find you, he shall kill me. But I your servant have feared יהוה from my youth. 

1Ki 18:13  “Was it not reported to my master what I did when Izeḇel killed the prophets of יהוה, how I hid one hundred men of the prophets of יהוה, fifty to a cave, and fed them with bread and water? 

1Ki 18:14  “And now you say, ‘Go, say to your master, “Ěliyahu is here!” ’ Then he shall kill me.” 

1Ki 18:15  And Ěliyahu said, “As יהוה of hosts lives, before whom I stand, I shall indeed show myself to him today.” 

1Ki 18:16  Oḇaḏyahu then went to meet Aḥaḇ and informed him, and Aḥaḇ went to meet Ěliyahu. 

1Ki 18:17  And it came to be, when Aḥaḇ saw Ěliyahu, that Aḥaḇ said to him, “Is that you, O disturber of Yisra’ěl?” 

1Ki 18:18  And he answered, “I have not disturbed Yisra’ěl, but you and your father’s house, in that you have forsaken the commands of יהוה, and you have followed the Ba‛als. 

1Ki 18:19  “And now, send and gather all Yisra’ěl to me on Mount Karmel, the four hundred and fifty prophets of Ba‛al, and the four hundred prophets of Ashěrah, who eat at Izeḇel’s table.” 

1Ki 18:20  Aḥaḇ then sent for all the children of Yisra’ěl, and gathered the prophets on Mount Karmel. 

1Ki 18:21  And Ěliyahu came to all the people, and said, “How long would you keep hopping between two opinions? If יהוה is Elohim, follow Him; and if Ba‛al, follow him.” But the people answered him not a word. 

1Ki 18:22  And Ěliyahu said to the people, “I alone am left a prophet of יהוה, but the prophets of Ba‛al are four hundred and fifty men. 

1Ki 18:23  “Now let them give us two bulls. And let them choose one bull for themselves, and cut it in pieces, and lay it on the wood, but set no fire. And I, I prepare the other bull, and shall lay it on the wood, but set no fire. 

1Ki 18:24  “And you shall call on the name of your mighty one, and I, I call on the Name of יהוה. And the Elohim who answers by fire, He is Elohim.” So all the people answered and said, “The word is good.” 

1Ki 18:25  And Ěliyahu said to the prophets of Ba‛al, “Choose one bull for yourselves and prepare it first, for you are many. And call on the name of your mighty one, but set no fire.” 

1Ki 18:26  So they took the bull which was given them, and prepared it, and called on the name of Ba‛al from morning even until noon, saying, “O Ba‛al, answer us!” But there was no voice and no one answered. And they leaped about the slaughter-place which they had made. 

1Ki 18:27  And it came to be at noon, that Ěliyahu taunted them and said, “Cry aloud, for he is a mighty one; he is meditating, or he is busy, or he is on a journey, or it could be that he is asleep and has to be awakened!” 

1Ki 18:28  And they cried aloud, and cut themselves, according to their ruling, with knives and spears, until the blood gushed out on them. 

1Ki 18:29  And it came to be when midday was past, that they prophesied until the time of bringing the evening offering. But there was no voice and no one answered, and no one paying attention. 

1Ki 18:30  Then Ěliyahu said to all the people, “Come closer to me.” And all the people came closer to him. And he repaired the slaughter-place of יהוה that was broken down. 

1Ki 18:31  And Ěliyahu took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Ya‛aqoḇ, to whom the word of יהוה had come, saying, “Yisra’ěl is your name.” 

1Ki 18:32  And with the stones he built a slaughter-place in the Name of יהוה. And he made a trench around the slaughter-place large enough to hold two seahs of seed. 

1Ki 18:33  And he arranged the wood, and cut the bull in pieces, and laid it on the wood, and said, “Fill four jars with water, and pour it on the ascending offering and on the wood.” 

1Ki 18:34  Then he said, “Do it a second time,” and they did it a second time. And he said, “Do it a third time,” and they did it a third time. 

1Ki 18:35  And the water flowed around the slaughter-place, and he filled the trench with water too. 

1Ki 18:36  And it came to be, at the time of bringing the evening offering, that Ěliyahu the prophet came near and said, “יהוה Elohim of Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq, and Yisra’ěl, let it be known today: You are Elohim in Yisra’ěl, and I Your servant, have done all these matters by Your word. 

1Ki 18:37  “Answer me, O יהוה, answer me, and let this people know that You are יהוה Elohim, and You shall turn their hearts back to You again.” 

1Ki 18:38  Then the fire of יהוה fell and consumed the ascending offering, and the wood and the stones and the dust, and it licked up the water that was in the trench. 

1Ki 18:39  And all the people saw, and fell on their faces, and said, “יהוה, He is the Elohim! יהוה, He is the Elohim!” 

Ezekiel 36:16-38

Eze 36:16  And the word of יהוה came to me, saying, 

Eze 36:17  “Son of man, when the house of Yisra’ěl dwelt in their own land, they defiled it by their own ways and deeds. To Me their way was like the uncleanness of a woman in her monthly period. 

Eze 36:18  “So I poured out My wrath on them for the blood they had shed on the land, and for their idols they defiled it. 

Eze 36:19  “And I scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed throughout the lands. I have judged them according to their ways and their deeds. 

Eze 36:20  “And when they came to the nations, wherever they went, they profaned My set-apart Name for it was said of them, ‘These are the people of יהוה, and yet they have gone out of His land.’ 

Eze 36:21  “But I had compassion on My set-apart Name, which the house of Yisra’ěl had profaned among the nations wherever they went. 

Eze 36:22  “Therefore say to the house of Yisra’ěl, ‘Thus said the Master יהוה, “I do not do this for your sake, O house of Yisra’ěl, but for My set-apart Name’s sake, which you have profaned among the nations wherever you went. 

Eze 36:23  “And I shall set apart My great Name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst. And the nations shall know that I am יהוה,” declares the Master יהוה, “when I am set-apart in you before their eyes. 

Eze 36:24  “And I shall take you from among the nations, and I shall gather you out of all lands, and I shall bring you into your own land. 

Eze 36:25  “And I shall sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean – from all your filthiness and from all your idols I cleanse you. 

Eze 36:26  “And I shall give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you. And I shall take the heart of stone out of your flesh, and I shall give you a heart of flesh, 

Eze 36:27  and put My Spirit within you.a And I shall cause you to walk in My laws and guard My right-rulings and shall do them. Footnote: aSee Eze_11:19-20, Eze_37:6-14, Eze_39:29. 

Eze 36:28  “And you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers. And you shall be My people, and I shall be your Elohim. 

Eze 36:29  “And I shall save you from all your uncleannesses. And I shall call for the grain and increase it, and I shall bring no scarcity of food upon you. 

Eze 36:30  “And I shall increase the fruit of your trees and the increase of your fields, so that you need never again bear the reproach of scarcity of food among the nations. 

Eze 36:31  “And you shall remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good. And you shall loathe yourselves in your own eyes, for your crookednesses and your abominations. 

Eze 36:32  “Not for your sake am I acting,” declares the Master יהוה, “let it be known to you. Be ashamed and blush for your ways, O house of Yisra’ěl!” 

Eze 36:33  Thus said the Master יהוה, “On the day that I cleanse you from all your crookednesses, I shall cause the cities to be inhabited, and the ruined places shall be rebuilt, 

Eze 36:34  and the land that was laid waste tilled instead of being a ruin before the eyes of all who pass by. 

Eze 36:35  “And they shall say, ‘This land that was laid waste has become like the garden of Ěḏen. And the wasted, the deserted, and the destroyed cities are now walled and inhabited.’ 

Eze 36:36  “Then the nations which are left all around you shall know that I, יהוה, have rebuilt the destroyed places and planted what was laid waste. I, יהוה, have spoken it, and I shall do it.” 

Eze 36:37  Thus said the Master יהוה, “Once again I shall let the house of Yisra’ěl inquire of Me to do for them: I shall increase their men like a flock. 

Eze 36:38  “As a set-apart flock, as the flock at Yerushalayim at her appointed times, so shall the wasted cities be filled with flocks of men. And they shall know that I am יהוה.” ’ ” 

Brit Hadasha: Matthew 9:35 – 11:1

Mat 9:35  And יהושע went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their congregations, and proclaiming the Good News of the reign, and healing every disease and every bodily weakness among the people. 

Mat 9:36  And having seen the crowds, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were weary and scattered, as sheep having no shepherd. 

Mat 9:37  Then He said to His taught ones, “The harvest truly is great, but the workers are few. 

Mat 9:38  “Pray then that the Master of the harvest would send out workers to His harvest.” 

Mat 10:1  And having called His twelve taught ones near, He gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every bodily weakness. 

Mat 10:2  And these are the names of the twelve emissaries: first, Shim‛on, who is called Kěpha, and Andri his brother; Ya‛aqoḇ the son of Zaḇdai, and Yoḥanan his brother; 

Mat 10:3  Philip and Bartholomi; T’oma and Mattithyahu the tax collector; Ya‛aqoḇ the son of Alphai, and Laḇai whose last name was Taddai; 

Mat 10:4  Shim‛on the Kena‛anite, and Yehuḏah from Qerioth, who did also deliver Him up. 

Mat 10:5  יהושע sent these twelve out, having commanded them, saying, “Do not go into the way of the nations, and do not enter a city of the Shomeronim, 

Mat 10:6  but rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Yisra’ěl. 

Mat 10:7  “And as you go, proclaim, saying, ‘The reign of the heavens has drawn near.’ 

Mat 10:8  “Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons. You have received without paying, give without being paid. 

Mat 10:9  “Do not acquire gold or silver or copper for your money-belts, 

Mat 10:10  or a bag for the journey, or two undergarments, or sandals, or staffs, for the worker is worthy of his food. 

Mat 10:11  “And into whatever city or village you enter, ask who is worthy in it, and stay there until you leave. 

Mat 10:12  “And as you enter into a house, greet it. 

Mat 10:13  “And if the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it. But if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. 

Mat 10:14  “And whoever does not receive you nor hear your words, when you leave that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet. 

Mat 10:15  “Truly, I say to you, it shall be more bearable for the land of Seḏom and Amorah in the day of judgment than for that city! 

Mat 10:16  “See, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wisea as serpents and innocent as doves. Footnote: aOr cautious, crafty, shrewd. 

Mat 10:17  “But beware of men, for they shall deliver you up to sanhedrins and flog you in their congregations. 

Mat 10:18  “And you shall be brought before governors and sovereigns for My sake, as a witness to them and to the nations. 

Mat 10:19  “But when they deliver you up, do not worry about how or what you should speak. For it shall be given to you in that hour what you shall speak, 

Mat 10:20  for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking in you. 

Mat 10:21  “And brother shall deliver up brother to death, and a father his child. And children shall rise up against parents Mic_7:6 and shall put them to death. 

Mat 10:22  “And you shall be hated by all for My Name’s sake. But he who shall have endured to the end shall be saved.b Footnote: bSee Mat_24:13. 

Mat 10:23  “And when they persecute you in this city, flee to another. For truly, I say to you, you shall by no means have gone through the cities of Yisra’ěl before the Son of Aḏam comes. 

Mat 10:24  “A taught one is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master. 

Mat 10:25  “It is enough for the taught one to become like his teacher, and a servant like his master. If they have called the master of the house Be‛elzebul, how much more those of his household! 

Mat 10:26  “Therefore do not fear them. For whatever is covered shall be revealed, and whatever is hidden shall be made known. 

Mat 10:27  “What I say to you in the dark, speak in the light. And what you hear in the ear, proclaim on the house-tops. 

Mat 10:28  “And do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the being. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both being and body in GěHinnom. 

Mat 10:29  “Are not two sparrows sold for a copper coin? And not one of them falls to the ground without your Father. 

Mat 10:30  “And even the hairs of your head are all numbered. 

Mat 10:31  “So do not fear, you are worth more than many sparrows. 

Mat 10:32  “Everyone, therefore, who shall confess Me before men, him I shall also confess before My Father who is in the heavens. 

Mat 10:33  “But whoever shall deny Me before men, him I shall also deny before My Father who is in the heavens. 

Mat 10:34  “Do not think that I have come to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword,c Footnote: cIn Luk_12:51 the word “division” is used, while “sword” has the same meaning here. 

Mat 10:35  for I have come to bring division, a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law – 

Mat 10:36  and a man’s enemies are those of his own household.d Mic_7:6. Footnote: dLuk_12:53, Mic_7:6. 

Mat 10:37  “He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me, and he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me.e Footnote: eSee Luk_16:16-17 which explains it more clearly. 

Mat 10:38  “And he who does not take up his stake and follow after Me is not worthy of Me. 

Mat 10:39  “He who has found his life shall lose it, and he that has lost his life for My sake shall find it. 

Mat 10:40  “He who receives you receives Me, and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. 

Mat 10:41  “He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet’s reward. And he who receives a righteous one in the name of a righteous one shall receive a righteous one’s reward. 

Mat 10:42  “And whoever gives one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a taught one, truly, I say to you, he shall by no means lose his reward.” 

Mat 11:1  And it came to be, when יהושע ended instructing His twelve taught ones, that He set out from there to teach and to proclaim in their cities. 

Luke 11:14-20

Luk 11:14  And He was casting out a demon, and it was dumb. And it came to be, when the demon had gone out, that the dumb spoke. And the crowds marvelled. 

Luk 11:15  But some of them said, “He casts out demons by Be‛elzebul, the ruler of the demons,” 

Luk 11:16  and others, trying Him, were seeking from Him a sign from heaven. 

Luk 11:17  And He, knowing their thoughts, said to them, “Every reign divided against itself is laid waste, and a house divided against a house falls. 

Luk 11:18  “So if Satan also is divided against himself, how shall his reign stand? Because you say I cast out demons by Be‛elzebul. 

Luk 11:19  “Now if I cast out demons by Be‛elzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Because of this they shall be your judges. 

Luk 11:20  “But if I cast out demons by the finger of Elohim,a then the reign of Elohim has come upon you. Footnote: aSee Exo_31:18. 

Acts 7:35 – 8:1

Act 7:35  “This Mosheh whom they had refused, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’ Exo_2:14 – this one Elohim sent to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the Messenger who appeared to him in the bush. 

Act 7:36  “This one led them out, after he had done wonders and signs in the land of Mitsrayim, and in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness forty years. 

Act 7:37  “This is the Mosheh who said to the children of Yisra’ěl, ‘יהוה your Elohim shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brothers. Him you shall hear.’ Deu_18:15. 

Act 7:38  “This is he who was in the assembly in the wilderness with the Messenger who spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers, who received the living Words to give to us, 

Act 7:39  unto whom our fathers would not become obedient, but thrust away, and in their hearts they turned back to Mitsrayim, 

Act 7:40  saying to Aharon, ‘Make us mighty ones to go before us, for this Mosheh who led us out of the land of Mitsrayim, we do not know what has become of him.’ Exo_32:1, Exo_32:23. 

Act 7:41  “And they made a calf in those days, and brought an offering to the idol, and were rejoicing in the works of their own hands. 

Act 7:42  “So Elohim turned and gave them up to worship the host of the heaven,b as it has been written in the book of the Prophets, ‘Did you bring slaughtered beasts and offerings unto Me during forty years in the wilderness, O house of Yisra’ěl? Footnote: b Deu_4:19, Deu_17:3, 2Ki_23:5. 

Act 7:43  ‘And you took up the tent of Moleḵ, and the star of your mighty one Kiyyun, images which you made to bow before them. Therefore I shall remove you beyond Baḇel.’ Amo_5:25-27. 

Act 7:44  “The Tent of Witness was with our fathers in the wilderness, as He appointed, instructing Mosheh to make it according to the pattern that he had seen, 

Act 7:45  which our fathers, having received it in turn, also brought with Yehoshua into the land possessed by the nations, whom Elohim drove out before the face of our fathers until the days of Dawiḏ, 

Act 7:46  who found favour before Elohim and asked to find a dwelling for the Elohim of Ya‛aqoḇ, 

Act 7:47  but Shelomoh built Him a house. 

Act 7:48  “However, the Most High does not dwell in dwellings made with hands,c as the prophet says: Footnote: cSee also Act_17:24. 

Act 7:49  ‘The heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool. What house shall you build for Me? says יהוה, or what is the place of My rest? 

Act 7:50  ‘Has My hand not made all these?’ Isa_66:1-2. 

Act 7:51  “You stiff-necked Exo_32:9, Exo_33:3, Exo_33:5 and uncircumcised in heart and ears! Lev_26:41, Jer_6:10 You always resist the Set-apart Spirit, as your fathers did, you also do. 

Act 7:52  “Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who before announced the coming of the Righteous One, of whom you now have become the betrayers and murderers, 

Act 7:53  who received the Torah as it was ordained by messengers, but did not watch overd it.” Footnote: dSee Mat_5:20. 

Act 7:54  And hearing this they were cut to the hearts and gnashed the teeth at him. 

Act 7:55  But he, being filled with the Set-apart Spirit, looked steadily into the heaven and saw the esteem of Elohim, and יהושע standing at the right hand of Elohim, 

Act 7:56  and he said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Aḏam standing at the right hand of Elohim!” Psa_110:1. 

Act 7:57  And crying out with a loud voice, they stopped their ears, and rushed upon him with one mind, 

Act 7:58  and threw him out of the city and stoned him. And the witnesses laid down their garments at the feet of a young man named Sha’ul. 

Act 7:59  And they were stoning Stephanos as he was calling and saying, “Master יהושע, receive my spirit.” 

Act 7:60  And kneeling down he cried out with a loud voice, “Master, do not hold this sin against them.” And having said this, he fell asleep. 

Act 8:1  And Sha’ul was giving approval to his death. And on that day there was a great persecution against the assembly which was at Yerushalayim, and they were all scattered throughout the countries of Yehuḏah and Shomeron, except the emissaries. 

1 Corinthians 10:1-15

1Co 10:1  For I do not wish you to be ignorant, brothers, that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 

1Co 10:2  and all were immersed into Mosheh in the cloud and in the sea, 

1Co 10:3  and all ate the same spiritual food, 

1Co 10:4  and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed, and the Rock was Messiah. 

1Co 10:5  However, with most of them Elohim was not well pleased, for they were laid low in the wilderness. 

1Co 10:6  And these became examples for us, so that we should not lust after evil, as those indeed lusted. 

1Co 10:7  And do not become idolaters as some of them, as it has been written, “The people sat down to eat and to drink, and stood up to play.” Exo_32:6. 

1Co 10:8  Neither should we commit whoring, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell, 

1Co 10:9  neither let us try Messiah, as some of them also tried, and were destroyed by serpents, 

1Co 10:10  neither grumble, as some of them also grumbled, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 

1Co 10:11  And all these came upon them as examples, and they were written as a warning to us, on whom the ends of the ages have come, 

1Co 10:12  so that he who thinks he stands, let him take heed lest he fall. 

1Co 10:13  No trial has overtaken you except such as is common to man, and Elohim is trustworthy, who shall not allow you to be tried beyond what you are able, but with the trial shall also make the way of escape, enabling you to bear it. 

1Co 10:14  Therefore, my beloved ones, flee from idolatry. 

1Co 10:15  I speak as to wise men, judge for yourselves what I say. 

2 Corinthians 3:1-18

2Co 3:1  Are we to begin to recommend ourselves again? Or do we need, as some, letters of recommendation to you, or from you? 

2Co 3:2  You are our letter, having been written in our hearts, known and read by all men, 

2Co 3:3  making it obvious that you are a letter of Messiah, served by us, written not with ink but by the Spirit of the living Elohim, not on tablets of stone but on fleshly tablets of the heart. 

2Co 3:4  And such trust we have toward Elohim, through the Messiah. 

2Co 3:5  Not that we are competent in ourselves to reckon any matter as from ourselves, but our competence is from Elohim, 

2Co 3:6  who also made us competent as servants of a renewed covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit, for the letter kills but the Spirit gives life. 

2Co 3:7  But if the administering of death in letters, engraved on stones, was esteemed, so that the children of Yisra’ěl were unable to look steadily at the face of Mosheh because of the esteem of his face, which was passing away, 

2Co 3:8  how much more esteemed shall the administering of the Spirit not be? 

2Co 3:9  For if the administering of condemnation had esteem, the administering of righteousness exceeds much more in esteem. 

2Co 3:10  For indeed what was made esteemed had no esteem in this respect, in view of the esteem that excels. 

2Co 3:11  For if that which is passing away was esteemed, much more that which remains in esteem. 

2Co 3:12  Having then such expectation, we use much boldness of speech, 

2Co 3:13  and not like Mosheh, who put a veil over his facea so that the children of Yisra’ěl should not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. Footnote: aSee Exo_34:33-35. 

2Co 3:14  But their minds were hardened, for to this day, when the old covenant is being read, that same veil remains, not lifted, because in Messiah it is taken away. 

2Co 3:15  But to this day, when Mosheh is being read, a veil lies on their heart. 

2Co 3:16  And when one turns to the Master, the veil is taken away. Exo_34:34. 

2Co 3:17  Now יהוה is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of יהוה is, there is freedom. 

2Co 3:18  And we all, as with unveiled face we see as in a mirror the esteem of יהוה, are being transformed into the same likeness from esteem to esteem, as from יהוה, the Spirit.b Footnote: bSee also 2Co_3:17-18. 

Aharonic Blessing

Num 6:22  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 6:23  “Speak to Aharon and his sons, saying, ‘This is how you bless the children of Yisra’ĕl. Say to them:

Num 6:24  “יהוה bless you and guard you;

Num 6:25  יהוה make His face shine upon you, and show favour to you;

Num 6:26  יהוה lift up His face upon you, and give you peace.” ’

Num 6:27  “Thus they shall put My Name on the children of Yisra’ĕl, and I Myself shall bless them.”

Num 6:24          יברכך  יהוה  וישׁמרך׃  

Num 6:25          יאר  יהוה  פניו  אליך  ויחנך׃  

Num 6:26          ישׂא  יהוה  פניו  אליך  וישׂם  לך  שׁלום׃  

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