Beha’alotcha | בהעלותך | “When You Set Up”

Deu 6:4  שׁמע  ישׂראל  יהוה  אלהינו  יהוה  אחד׃  

Deu 6:4  “Hear, O Yisra’ĕl: יהוה our Elohim, יהוה is one!

Behaalotecha, Beha’alotecha, Beha’alothekha, or Behaaloscha (בְּהַעֲלֹתְךָ — Hebrew for “when you step up,” the 11th word, and the first distinctive word, in the parashah) is the 36th weekly Torah portion (פָּרָשָׁה, parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the third in the Book of Numbers. It constitutes Numbers 8:1–12:16. The parashah is made up of 7,055 Hebrew letters, 1,840 Hebrew words, and 136 verses, and can occupy about 240 lines in a Torah Scroll (סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה, Sefer Torah).


Torah: Numbers 8:1 – 12:16

1st  reading (עליה, aliyah)  Bemidbar 8:1–14

Num 8:1  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 8:2  “Speak to Aharon, and say to him, ‘When you set up the lamps, let the seven lamps give light in front of the lampstand.’ ”

Num 8:3  And Aharon did so. He set up the lamps to face toward the front of the lampstand, as יהוה commanded Mosheh.

Num 8:4  And this is the work of the lampstand: beaten work of gold, from its base to its blossoms it is beaten work. According to the pattern which יהוה had shown Mosheh, so he made the lampstand.

Num 8:5  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 8:6  “Take the Lĕwites from among the children of Yisra’ĕl, and you shall cleanse them,

Num 8:7  and do this to them to cleanse them: Sprinkle water of sin offering on them, and they shall shave all their body, and shall wash their garments, and cleanse themselves,

Num 8:8  and shall take a young bull with its grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, while you take another young bull as a sin offering.

Num 8:9  “And you shall bring the Lĕwites before the Tent of Meeting, and you shall assemble all the congregation of the children of Yisra’ĕl.

Num 8:10  “And you shall bring the Lĕwites before יהוה, and the children of Yisra’ĕl shall lay their hands on the Lĕwites,

Num 8:11  and Aharon shall wave the Lĕwites before יהוה, a wave offering from the children of Yisra’ĕl – so shall they be for doing the service of יהוה.

Num 8:12  “And the Lĕwites shall lay their hands on the heads of the young bulls. And one shall be prepared as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering to יהוה, to make atonement for the Lĕwites.

Num 8:13  “And you shall have the Lĕwites stand before Aharon and his sons, and then wave them, a wave offering to יהוה.

Num 8:14  “Thus you shall separate the Lĕwites from among the children of Yisra’ĕl, and the Lĕwites shall be Mine.

The Menorah was the place of holy fire and light within the Mishkan. This holy lampstand was elaborately fashioned out of a single piece of gold. Each of the menorah’s seven branches were intricately engraved with decorative knobs, cups and flower like figures, and pure olive oil was used to illuminate its flames. The wicks of six of the menorah branches were bent toward the center in order to accentuate the shamash (central) wick.

2nd  reading (עליה, aliyah) Bemidbar 8:15-26

Num 8:15  “Then after that the Lĕwites shall go in to do service in the Tent of Meeting, when you have cleansed them and waved them as a wave offering.

Num 8:16  “For they are given ones, given to Me from among the children of Yisra’ĕl. I have taken them for Myself instead of all who open the womb, the first-born of all the children of Yisra’ĕl.

Num 8:17  “For all the first-born among the children of Yisra’ĕl are Mine, both man and beast. On the day that I smote all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim I set them apart unto Myself.

Num 8:18  “And I have taken the Lĕwites instead of all the first-born of the children of Yisra’ĕl.

Num 8:19  “And I have given the Lĕwites as a gift to Aharon and his sons from among the children of Yisra’ĕl, to do the service of the children of Yisra’ĕl in the Tent of Meeting, and to make atonement for the children of Yisra’ĕl, that there be no plague among the children of Yisra’ĕl when the children of Yisra’ĕl come near the set-apart place.”

Num 8:20  Thus Mosheh and Aharon and all the congregation of the children of Yisra’ĕl did to the Lĕwites according to all that יהוה commanded Mosheh concerning the Lĕwites, so the children of Yisra’ĕl did to them.

Num 8:21  And the Lĕwites cleansed themselves and washed their garments, and Aharon waved them, a wave offering before יהוה, and Aharon made atonement for them to cleanse them.

Num 8:22  Then after that the Lĕwites went in to do their service in the Tent of Meeting before Aharon and his sons as יהוה commanded Mosheh concerning the Lĕwites, so they did to them.

Num 8:23  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 8:24  “This applies to the Lĕwites: From twenty-five years old and above let him come into active service in the service of the Tent of Meeting,

Num 8:25  and at the age of fifty years they retire from active service of the service, and serve no more,

Num 8:26  but they shall attend with their brothers in the Tent of Meeting, to guard the duty, but shall do no service. Thus you shall do to the Lĕwites regarding their duties.”

3rd  reading (עליה, aliyah) Bemidbar 9:1-14

Num 9:1  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Mitsrayim, saying,

Num 9:2  “Now, let the children of Yisra’ĕl perform the Passover at its appointed time.

Num 9:3  “On the fourteenth day of this month, between the evenings, perform it at its appointed time. According to all its laws and right-rulings you perform it.”

Num 9:4  And Mosheh spoke to the children of Yisra’ĕl to perform the Passover.

Num 9:5  So they performed the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month, between the evenings, in the Wilderness of Sinai. According to all that יהוה commanded Mosheh, so the children of Yisra’ĕl did.

Num 9:6  But there were men who were defiled for a being of a man, so that they were not able to perform the Passover on that day. So they came before Mosheh and Aharon that day,

Num 9:7  and those men said to him, “We are defiled for the being of a man. Why are we withheld from bringing near the offering of יהוה at its appointed time among the children of Yisra’ĕl?”

Num 9:8  And Mosheh said to them, “Wait, let me hear what יהוה commands concerning you.”

Num 9:9  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 9:10  “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘When any male of you or your generations is unclean1 for a being, or is far away on a journey, he shall still perform the Passover of יהוה. Footnote: 1Defilement can be imparted from one to another.

Num 9:11  ‘On the fourteenth day of the second month, between the evenings, they perform it – with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they eat it.

Num 9:12  ‘They do not leave of it until morning, and they do not break a bone of it. According to all the laws of the Passover they perform it.

Num 9:13  ‘But the man who is clean and is not on a journey, and has failed to perform the Passover, that same being shall be cut off from among his people, because he did not bring the offering of יהוה at its appointed time – that man bears his sin.

Num 9:14  ‘And when a stranger sojourns among you, then he shall perform the Passover of יהוה. He shall do so according to the law of the Passover and according to its right-ruling. You have one law, both for the stranger and the native of the land.’ ”

The passover was so serious because it was the renewing of Yahweh’s covenant each year that if someone did not partake in the passover, he was cut off from Israel and the congregation. That is why it is the only set apart day to Yahweh that has a second one if by necessity the first one was missed.

There is one law for both Israelites and Gentiles who have been grafted into the one tree of Israel. Later rabbis developed what they call Noahide laws for Gentiles that are not found in scripture, but only in their oral tradition.

4th reading (עליה, aliyah) Bemidbar 9:15-10:10

Num 9:15  And on the day that the Dwelling Place was raised up, the cloud covered the Dwelling Place, the Tent of the Witness. From evening until morning it was above the Dwelling Place like the appearance of fire.

Num 9:16  Thus it was continually: the cloud covered it by day, and the appearance of fire by night.

Num 9:17  And whenever the cloud was taken up from above the Tent, after that the children of Yisra’ĕl would depart. And in the place where the cloud dwelt, there the children of Yisra’ĕl would camp.

Num 9:18  At the command of יהוה the children of Yisra’ĕl departed, and at the command of יהוה they camped. They remained camped as long as the cloud dwelt above the Dwelling Place.

Num 9:19  Even when the cloud lingered many days above the Dwelling Place, the children of Yisra’ĕl guarded the Charge of יהוה, and did not depart.

Num 9:20  And so it was, when the cloud was above the Dwelling Place a few days: according to the command of יהוה they camped, and according to the command of יהוה they would depart.

Num 9:21  And so it was, when the cloud dwelt only from evening until morning: when the cloud was taken up in the morning, then they departed. Whether by day or by night, whenever the cloud was taken up, they departed.

Num 9:22  Whether two days, or a month, or a year that the cloud lingered above the Dwelling Place to dwell upon it, the children of Yisra’ĕl camped, and did not depart. But when it was taken up, they departed.

Num 9:23  At the command of יהוה they camped, and at the command of יהוה they departed. They guarded the Charge of יהוה, at the command of יהוה by the hand of Mosheh.

Num 10:1  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 10:2  “Make two silver trumpets for yourself, make them of beaten work. And you shall use them for calling the congregation and for breaking camp.

Num 10:3  “And when they blow both of them, all the congregation shall meet before you at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

Num 10:4  “And if they blow one, then the leaders, the heads of the thousands of Yisra’ĕl, shall gather to you.

Num 10:5  “And when you blow a shout, the camps that lie on the east side shall depart.

Num 10:6  “And when you blow a shout the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall depart – they blow a shout for them to depart.

Num 10:7  “And when the assembly is to be assembled, you blow, but do not shout.

Num 10:8  “And the sons of Aharon, the priests, blow with the trumpets. And it shall be to you for a law forever throughout your generations.

Num 10:9  “And when you go into battle in your land against the enemy that distresses you, then you shall shout with the trumpets, and you shall be remembered before יהוה your Elohim, and you shall be saved from your enemies.

Num 10:10  “And in the day of your gladness, and in your appointed times, and at the beginning of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over your peace offerings. And they shall be a remembrance for you before your Elohim. I am יהוה your Elohim.”

5th reading (עליה, aliyah) Bemidbar 10:11-34

Num 10:11  And it came to be on the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, that the cloud was taken up from above the Dwelling Place of the Witness.

Num 10:12  And the children of Yisra’ĕl departed, setting out from the Wilderness of Sinai. And the cloud dwelt on it in the Wilderness of Paran.

Num 10:13  Thus they departed the first time, according to the command of יהוה by the hand of Mosheh.

Num 10:14  And the banner of the camp of the children of Yehuḏah departed first according to their divisions. And over their army was Naḥshon, son of Amminaḏaḇ.

Num 10:15  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Yissasḵar was Nethanĕ’l, son of Tsuʽar.

Num 10:16  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Zeḇulun was Eliyaḇ, son of Ḥĕlon.

Num 10:17  And the Dwelling Place was taken down. And the sons of Gĕreshon and the sons of Merari departed, bearing the Dwelling Place.

Num 10:18  And the banner of the camp of Re’uḇĕn departed according to their divisions. And over their army was Elitsur, son of Sheḏĕy’ur.

Num 10:19  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Shimʽon was Shelumi’ĕl, son of Tsurishaddai.

Num 10:20  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Gaḏ was Elyasaph, the son of Deu’ĕl.

Num 10:21  And the Qehathites departed, bearing the set-apart objects, while the Dwelling Place was set up before they came.

Num 10:22  And the banner of the camp of the children of Ephrayim departed according to their divisions. And over their army was Elishama, son of Ammihuḏ.

Num 10:23  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Menashsheh was Gamli’ĕl, son of Peḏahtsur.

Num 10:24  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Binyamin was Aḇiḏan, son of Giḏʽoni.

Num 10:25  Then the banner of the camp of the children of Dan, which formed the rear guard of all the camps, departed according to their divisions. And over their army was Aḥiʽezer, son of Ammishaddai.

Num 10:26  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Ashĕr was Paḡʽi’ĕl, the son of Oḵran.

Num 10:27  And over the army of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Aḥira, the son of Ěnan.

Num 10:28  Such was the order of setting out of the children of Yisra’ĕl, according to their divisions, when they departed.

Num 10:29  And Mosheh said to Ḥoḇaḇ, the son of Reʽuw’ĕl the Miḏyanite, Mosheh’s father-in-law, “We are setting out for the place of which יהוה said, ‘I give it to you.’ Come with us, and we shall do good to you, for יהוה has spoken good concerning Yisra’ĕl.”

Num 10:30  And he replied to him, “I am not going, but I am going to my own land and to my relatives.”

Num 10:31  Then he said, “Please do not leave us, because you know how we are to camp in the wilderness, and you shall be our eyes.

Num 10:32  “And it shall be, when you go with us, then it shall be that whatever good יהוה does to us, the same we shall do to you.”

Num 10:33  So they set out from the mountain of יהוה on a journey of three days. And the ark of the covenant of יהוה went before them for the three days’ journey, to seek out a resting place for them.

Num 10:34  And the cloud of יהוה was above them by day when they went out from the camp.

6th reading (עליה, aliyah) Bemidbar 10:35-11:29

Num 10:35  And it came to be, whenever the ark set out, that Mosheh said, “Rise up, O יהוה! And let Your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate You flee before You.”

Num 10:36  And when it rested, he said, “Return, O יהוה, to the countless thousands of Yisra’ĕl.”

Num 11:1  And it came to be, when the people were as complainers, it was evil in the ears of יהוה. And יהוה heard it, and His displeasure burned. And the fire of יהוה burned among them, and consumed those in the outskirts of the camp.

Num 11:2  And the people cried out to Mosheh, and Mosheh prayed to יהוה, and the fire died down.

Num 11:3  Then he called the name of the place Taḇʽĕrah, because the fire of יהוה had burned among them.

Num 11:4  And the mixed multitude who were in their midst lusted greatly, so the children of Yisra’ĕl also wept again and said, “Who is giving us meat to eat?

Num 11:5  “We remember the fish which we ate without cost in Mitsrayim, the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlic,

Num 11:6  but now our throat is dried up. There is naught to look at but this manna!”

Num 11:7  Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its appearance like the appearance of bdellium.

Num 11:8  The people went about and gathered it, ground it on millstones or beat it in the mortar, and cooked it in a pot, and made cakes of it. And its taste was as the taste of cakes baked with oil.

Num 11:9  And when the dew fell on the camp at night, the manna fell on it.

Num 11:10  And Mosheh heard the people weeping throughout their clans, each man at the door of his tent. And the displeasure of יהוה burned exceedingly. And in the eyes of Mosheh it was evil,

Num 11:11  so Mosheh said to יהוה, “Why have You done evil to Your servant? And why have I not found favour in Your eyes, to put the burden of all these people on me?

Num 11:12  “Was it I who conceived all these people? Was it I who brought them forth, that You should say to me, ‘Carry them in your bosom, as the foster father carries a nursing child,’ to the land which You swore to their fathers?

Num 11:13  “Where am I to get meat to give to all these people? For they weep before me, saying, ‘Give us meat to eat.’

Num 11:14  “I am unable to bear all these people alone, because the burden is too heavy for me.

Num 11:15  “And if You are doing this to me, please slay me altogether, if I have found favour in Your eyes, and let me not see my evil!”

Num 11:16  Then יהוה said to Mosheh, “Gather to Me seventy men of the elders of Yisra’ĕl, whom you know to be the elders of the people and officers over them. And bring them to the Tent of Meeting, and let them stand there with you.

Num 11:17  “And I shall come down and speak with you there, and shall take of the Spirit that is on you, and put on them. And they shall bear the burden of the people with you, so that you do not bear it yourself alone.

Num 11:18  “And say to the people, ‘Set yourselves apart for tomorrow, and you shall eat meat, because you have wept in the hearing of יהוה, saying, “Who is giving us meat to eat? For it was well with us in Mitsrayim.” And יהוה shall give you meat, and you shall eat.

Num 11:19  ‘You are going to eat, not one day, nor two days, nor five days, nor ten days, nor twenty days,

Num 11:20  but for a month of days, until it comes out of your nostrils and becomes an abomination to you, because you have rejected יהוה who is among you, and have wept before Him, saying, “Why did we come up out of Mitsrayim?” ’ ”

Num 11:21  And Mosheh said, “The people in whose midst I am are six hundred thousand men on foot, and You, You have said, ‘I give them meat to eat for a month of days.’

Num 11:22  “Could flocks and herds be slaughtered for them, to be sufficient for them? Or could all the fish of the sea be gathered together for them, to be sufficient for them?”

Num 11:23  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Is the arm of יהוה too short? Now see whether My word meets you or not!”

Num 11:24  And Mosheh went out and spoke to the people the words of יהוה, and he gathered the seventy men of the elders of the people and placed them around the Tent.

Num 11:25  And יהוה came down in the cloud, and spoke to him, and took of the Spirit that was upon him, and placed the same upon the seventy elders. And it came to be, when the Spirit rested upon them, that they prophesied, but did not continue.

Num 11:26  However, two men had remained in the camp. The name of one was Eldaḏ, and the name of the other Mĕyḏaḏ. And the Spirit rested upon them. Now they were among those listed, but did not go out to the Tent. And they prophesied in the camp.

Num 11:27  And a young man ran and informed Mosheh, and said, “Eldaḏ and Mĕyḏaḏ are prophesying in the camp.”

Num 11:28  And Yehoshua son of Nun, Mosheh’s assistant from his youth, answered and said, “Mosheh my master, forbid them!”

Num 11:29  Then Mosheh said to him, “Are you jealous for my sake? Oh, that all the people of יהוה were prophets, that יהוה would put His Spirit upon them!”

7th reading (עליה, aliyah) Bemidbar 11:30-12:16

Num 11:30  And Mosheh returned to the camp, both he and the elders of Yisra’ĕl.

Num 11:31  And a wind went forth from יהוה, and it brought quail from the sea and let them fall beside the camp, about a day’s journey on this side and about a day’s journey on the other side, all around the camp, and about two cubits above the surface of the ground.

Num 11:32  And the people were up all that day, and all that night, and all the next day, and gathered the quail. He who has least gathered ten ḥomers. And they spread them out for themselves all around the camp.

Num 11:33  The meat was still between their teeth, before it was chewed, and the wrath of יהוה burned against the people, and יהוה smote the people with an exceeding great plague.

Num 11:34  Then he called the name of that place Qiḇroth Hatta’awah, because there they buried the people who had lusted.

Num 11:35  From Qiḇroth Hatta’awah the people set out for Ḥatsĕroth – and they were at Ḥatsĕroth.

Num 12:1  Now Miryam and Aharon spoke against Mosheh because of the Kushite woman whom he had taken, for he had taken a Kushite woman.

Num 12:2  And they said, “Has יהוה spoken only through Mosheh? Has He not also spoken through us?” And יהוה heard it.

Num 12:3  And the man Mosheh was very humble, more than all men who were on the face of the earth.

Num 12:4  And suddenly יהוה said to Mosheh, and Aharon, and Miryam, “You three, come out to the Tent of Meeting!” So the three came out.

Num 12:5  And יהוה came down in the column of cloud and stood in the door of the Tent, and called Aharon and Miryam. And they both went forward.

Num 12:6  And He said, “Hear now My words: If your prophet is of יהוה, I make Myself known to him in a vision, and I speak to him in a dream.

Num 12:7  “Not so with My servant Mosheh, he is trustworthy in all My house.

Num 12:8  “I speak with him mouth to mouth, and plainly, and not in riddles. And he sees the form of יהוה. So why were you not afraid to speak against My servant Mosheh?”

Num 12:9  And the displeasure of יהוה burned against them, and He left.

Num 12:10  And the cloud turned away from above the Tent, and look: Miryam was leprous, as white as snow! And Aharon turned toward Miryam, and look: a leper!

Num 12:11  And Aharon said to Mosheh, “Oh, my master! Please do not hold against us the sin in which we have done foolishly and in which we have sinned.

Num 12:12  “Please do not let her be as one dead when coming out of its mother’s womb, with our flesh half consumed!”

Num 12:13  And Mosheh cried out to יהוה, saying, “O Ěl, please heal her, please!”

Num 12:14  And יהוה said to Mosheh, “If her father had but spit in her face, would she not be ashamed seven days? Let her be shut out of the camp seven days, and after that let her be readmitted.”

Num 12:15  And Miryam was shut out of the camp seven days, and the people did not set out until Miryam was readmitted.

Num 12:16  And afterward the people departed from Ḥatsĕroth, and they camped in the Wilderness of Paran.


Prophets: Book of Ruth

Rth 1:1  And it came to be, in the days when the rulers ruled, that there was a scarcity of food in the land. And a man from Bĕyth Leḥem, Yehuḏah, went to sojourn in the fields of Mo’aḇ, he and his wife and his two sons.

Rth 1:2  And the name of the man was Elimeleḵ, and the name of his wife was Naʽomi, and the names of his two sons were Maḥlon and Kilyon – Ephrathites of Bĕyth Leḥem, Yehuḏah. And they went to the fields of Mo’aḇ and came to be there.

Elimelek = My God is King

Na’omi = My Delight

Mahon = Sickness

Chilion = Weakness

Ruth = Friendship

Rth 1:3  And Elimeleḵ, husband of Naʽomi, died. And she was left with her two sons.

Rth 1:4  And they took wives of the women of Mo’aḇ, the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth. And they dwelt there about ten years.

Rth 1:5  And Maḥlon and Kilyon also died, both of them, so the woman was bereaved of her two sons and of her husband.

Rth 1:6  And she rose up, with her daughters-in-law, and returned from the fields of Mo’aḇ, for she had heard in the fields of Mo’aḇ that יהוה had visited His people in giving them bread.

Rth 1:7  And she left the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her. And they went on the way to return to the land of Yehuḏah.

Rth 1:8  And Naʽomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each to her mother’s house. יהוה show kindness to you, as you have shown to the dead and to me.

Rth 1:9  “יהוה grant that you find rest, each in the house of her husband.” Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voices and wept.

Rth 1:10  And they said to her, “No, we shall go back with you to your people.”

Rth 1:11  But Naʽomi said, “Go back, my daughters, why go with me? Have I still sons in my womb, that they should become your husbands?

Rth 1:12  “Go back, my daughters, go your way, for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have expectancy, even if I should have a husband tonight and should also bear sons,

Rth 1:13  would you wait for them till they were grown? Would you shut yourselves up, not to have a husband? No, my daughters, for it is much more bitter for me than for you, because the hand of יהוה has gone out against me!”

Rth 1:14  And they lifted up their voices and wept again. And Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.

Rth 1:15  And she said, “Look, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her mighty ones. Go back, follow your sister-in-law.”

Rth 1:16  But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to leave you, or to go back from following after you. For wherever you go, I go; and wherever you stop over, I stop over. Your people is my people, and your Elohim is my Elohim1. Footnote: 1An example of how a gentile is “grafted in” among the Chosen People. Ruth, this ex-Mo’aḇite, later on became the great-grandmother of Dawiḏ!

Rth 1:17  “Where you die, I die, and there I shall be buried. יהוה do so to me, and more also – for death itself parts you and me.”

Rth 1:18  And when she saw that she was strengthening herself to go with her, she ceased to speak to her.

Rth 1:19  And both of them went until they came to Bĕyth Leḥem. And it came to be, when they had come to Bĕyth Leḥem, that all the city was moved because of them, and they said, “Is this Naʽomi?”

Rth 1:20  And she said to them, “Do not call me Naʽomi, call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me.

Rth 1:21  “I went out filled, and יהוה has brought me back empty. Why do you call me Naʽomi, since יהוה has witnessed against me, and the Almighty has done evil to me?”

Rth 1:22  Thus Naʽomi returned, and Ruth the Mo’aḇitess her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the fields of Mo’aḇ, and they came to Bĕyth Leḥem at the beginning of barley harvest.

This time description is of Passover.

Rth 2:1  And Naʽomi had a relative on her husband’s side, a man of great wealth, of the clan of Elimeleḵ, and his name was Boʽaz.

Rth 2:2  And Ruth, the Mo’aḇitess, said to Naʽomi, “Please let me go to the field, and glean heads of grain after him in whose eyes I find favour.” So she said to her, “Go, my daughter.”

The word Favour here can also mean Grace and Ruth in this story is typical of the bride and Boaz the Bridegroom/Kinsmen Redeemer.

Rth 2:3  And she left, and went and gleaned in the field after the reapers. As it turned out, she came to the part of the field belonging to Boʽaz, the near relative of Elimeleḵ.

Rth 2:4  And see, Boʽaz had come from Bĕyth Leḥem, and said to the reapers, “יהוה be with you!” And they answered him, “יהוה bless you!”1 Footnote: They had no problem calling יהוה by His Name!

Rth 2:5  And Boʽaz said to his servant who was appointed over the reapers, “Whose young woman is this?”

Rth 2:6  So the servant who was appointed over the reapers answered and said, “It is the young Mo’aḇite woman who came back with Naʽomi from the fields of Mo’aḇ,

Rth 2:7  and she said, ‘Please let me glean, and gather among the sheaves behind the reapers.’ And she came and has remained from morning until now – she sat a little in the house.”

Rth 2:8  And Boʽaz said to Ruth, “You have heard, have you not, my daughter? Do not go to glean in another field, nor go from here, but stay close to my young women.

Rth 2:9  “Let your eyes be on the field which they reap, and you shall go after them. Have I not commanded the young men not to touch you? And when you are thirsty, go to the vessels and drink from what the young men have drawn.”

Rth 2:10  And she fell on her face, bowed down to the ground, and said to him, “Why have I found favour in your eyes, that you should take notice of me, seeing I am a foreigner?”

Rth 2:11  And Boʽaz answered and said to her, “I have been told all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband, and how you have left your father and your mother and the land of your birth, and have come to a people whom you did not know before.

Rth 2:12  “יהוה repay your work, and your reward is complete from יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ĕl, under whose wings you have come to seek refuge.”

Rth 2:13  And she said, “Let me find favour in your eyes, my master, because you have comforted me, and have spoken to the heart of your female servant, though I am not like one of your female servants.”

Rth 2:14  And Boʽaz said to her, “Come here at mealtime. Then you shall eat of the bread and dip your piece of bread in the vinegar.” And she sat beside the reapers, and he passed roasted grain to her. And she ate and was satisfied, and had left over.

Rth 2:15  And she rose up to glean, and Boʽaz commanded his young men, saying, “Let her glean even among the sheaves, and do not embarrass her.

Rth 2:16  “Rather, draw out from the bundles for her, and leave it for her to glean, and do not restrain her.”

Rth 2:17  And she gleaned in the field until evening, and beat out that which she had gleaned, and it was about an ĕphah of barley.

Rth 2:18  And she took it up and went into the city, and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. And she brought out and gave to her what she had left over after she was satisfied.

Rth 2:19  Then her mother-in-law asked her, “Where have you gleaned today? And where did you work? Blessed be the one who took notice of you.” And she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked, and said, “The name of the man I worked today with is Boʽaz.”

Rth 2:20  And Naʽomi said to her daughter-in-law, “Blessed be he of יהוה, who has not forsaken His kindness to the living and the dead!” And Naʽomi said to her, “The man is a relative of ours, one of our redeemers.”

The title Kinsmen Redeemer indicates the rightful next of kin who would redeem his relative who has fallen into bondage, and lost their inheritance, and is indicative in scripture of the Messiah who redeems those who seek Him of the bondage of the debt of their sins, which according to the Torah would be punishable by death. This is why it is very clear the Messiah must return directly before the Jubilee year of redemption (Is 60: 16, Is 59:19-21, Ruth 3:9, 4:1-10, Lev 25:25).

Rth 2:21  And Ruth the Mo’aḇitess said, “He also said to me, ‘Stay close to my young people until they have completed all my harvest.’ ”

Rth 2:22  And Naʽomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his young women, and that they do not meet you in any other field.”

Rth 2:23  And she stayed close by the young women of Boʽaz to glean, till the completion of barley harvest and wheat harvest, but she dwelt with her mother-in-law.

Rth 3:1  And Naʽomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, should I not seek rest for you, so that it is well with you?

Rth 3:2  “And now, is not Boʽaz, with whose young women you have been, our relative? See, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing-floor.

Rth 3:3  “And, you shall bathe and anoint yourself, and put your garments on and go down to the threshing-floor. Do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking.

Rth 3:4  “And it shall be, when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies, and shall go in and uncover his feet, and lie down. And let him make known to you what you should do.”

Rth 3:5  And she said to her, “All that you say to me, I do.”

Rth 3:6  And she went down to the threshing-floor and did according to all that her mother-in-law instructed her.

Rth 3:7  And Boʽaz ate and drank, and his heart was glad, and he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain. And she came softly and uncovered his feet, and lay down.

Rth 3:8  And it came to be at midnight that the man was startled, and turned himself, and saw a woman lying at his feet!

Rth 3:9  And he said, “Who are you?” And she answered, “I am Ruth, your female servant. Now you shall spread your covering over your female servant – for you are a redeemer.”

Rth 3:10  And he said, “Blessed are you of יהוה, my daughter! For you have shown more kindness at the end than at the beginning, not to go after young men, whether poor or rich.

Rth 3:11  “And now, my daughter, do not fear. All that you say I do for you, for all the people of my town know that you are a capable woman.

Rth 3:12  “And now, it is true that I am your redeemer. However, there is a redeemer nearer than I.

Rth 3:13  “Stop over tonight, and in the morning it shall be that if he does redeem you, good – let him do it. But if he is not pleased to redeem you, then I shall redeem you, as יהוה lives! Lie down until morning.”

Rth 3:14  And she lay at his feet until morning, and she arose before one could recognise another. And he said, “Let it not be known that the woman came to the threshing-floor.”

Rth 3:15  And he said, “Bring the shawl that is on you and hold it.” So she held it and he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her. And she went into the city.

Rth 3:16  And when she came to her mother-in-law, she said, “Is that you, my daughter?” And she explained to her all that the man had done for her.

Rth 3:17  And she said, “He gave me these six measures of barley, for he said to me, ‘Do not go empty-handed to your mother-in-law.’ ”

Rth 3:18  And she said, “Wait, my daughter, until you know how the matter falls, for the man is not going to rest until he has completed the matter this day.”

Rth 4:1  And Boʽaz went up to the gate and sat down there. And see, the redeemer of whom Boʽaz had spoken came by. And Boʽaz said, “Turn aside, So-and-so, sit down here.” And he turned aside and sat down.

The city gate in ancient times was the most important point in the city where Kings sat, and official business was conducted as well as judges ruling on important legal matters, Deut 22:15, 2 Sam 19:8.

Rth 4:2  And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, “Sit down here.” So they sat down.

Rth 4:3  He then said to the redeemer, “Naʽomi, who has come back from the fields of Mo’aḇ, sold the piece of land which belonged to our brother Elimeleḵ.

Rth 4:4  “And I thought that I should disclose it to you, saying, ‘Buy it back in the presence of the inhabitants and the elders of my people. If you do redeem it, redeem it. But if you do not redeem it, inform me, so that I know. For there is no one but you to redeem it, and I am next after you.’ ” And he said, “I redeem it.”

Rth 4:5  And Boʽaz said, “On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naʽomi, you shall also acquire Ruth the Mo’aḇitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance.”

Rth 4:6  And the redeemer said, “I am not able to redeem it for myself, lest I ruin my own inheritance. Redeem my right of redemption for yourself, for I am not able to redeem it.”

Rth 4:7  And this was formerly done in Yisra’ĕl concerning redeeming and exchanging, to confirm every word: one man took off his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was a witness in Yisra’ĕl.

Rth 4:8  So the redeemer said to Boʽaz, “Buy it for yourself.” Then he took off his sandal.

Rth 4:9  And Boʽaz said to the elders and to all the people, “You are witnesses this day that I have bought all that was Elimeleḵ’s, and all that was Kilyon’s and Maḥlon’s, from the hand of Naʽomi.

Rth 4:10  “And also, Ruth the Mo’aḇitess, the wife of Maḥlon, I have acquired as my wife, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance, so that the name of the dead should not be cut off from among his brothers and from the gate of his place. You are witnesses today.”

Rth 4:11  And all the people who were at the gate, and the elders, said, “Witnesses! יהוה make the woman who is coming to your house as Raḥĕl and as Lĕ’ah, the two who built the house of Yisra’ĕl. And prove your worth in Ephrathah and proclaim the Name in Bĕyth Leḥem.

Rth 4:12  “And let your house be like the house of Perets, whom Tamar bore to Yehuḏah, of the seed which יהוה does give you from this young woman.”

Rth 4:13  And Boʽaz took Ruth and she became his wife. And he went in to her, and יהוה granted her conception, and she bore a son.

Rth 4:14  And the women said to Naʽomi, “Blessed be יהוה, who has not left you this day without a redeemer. And let his Name be proclaimed in Yisra’ĕl!

Rth 4:15  “And he shall be to you a restorer of life and a sustainer of your old age. For your daughter-in-law, who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons, has borne him.”

Rth 4:16  And Naʽomi took the child and laid him on her bosom, and became a nurse to him.

Rth 4:17  And the women, her neighbours, gave him a name, saying, “There is a son born to Naʽomi.” And they called his name Oḇĕḏ. He was the father of Yishai, the father of Dawiḏ.

Rth 4:18  And this is the genealogy of Perets: Perets brought forth Ḥetsron.

Rth 4:19  And Ḥetsron brought forth Ram, and Ram brought forth Amminaḏaḇ.

Rth 4:20  And Amminaḏaḇ brought forth Naḥshon, and Naḥshon brought forth Salmon.

Rth 4:21  And Salmon brought forth Boʽaz, and Boʽaz brought forth Oḇĕḏ.

Rth 4:22  And Oḇĕḏ brought forth Yishai, and Yishai brought forth Dawiḏ.

Perets = Breach (Twin son with Zarah of Judah by Tamar and ancestor of two Families of Judah, the Hezronites and the Hamulites; from the Herzonites came the royal line of David and the Messiah.

Ḥetsron = Surrounded by a wall

Ram = High or Exalted

Amminaḏaḇ = My Kinsman is noble

Naḥshon = Enchanter

Salmon = Garment

Boʽaz = Fleetness

Obed = One Serving

Yishai = I Possess

David = Beloved

Gen 38:24  And it came to be, about three months after, that Yehuḏah was informed, saying, “Tamar your daughter-in-law has whored, and see, she has conceived by whoring.” And Yehuḏah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!”

Gen 38:25  When she was brought out, she sent to her father-in-law, saying, “By the man to whom these belong, I am pregnant.” And she said, “Please examine whose these are: the seal and the cord and the staff.”

Gen 38:26  And Yehuḏah examined and said, “She has been more righteous than I, because I did not give her to Shĕlah my son.” And he never knew her again.

Gen 38:27  And it came to be, at the time for giving birth, that see, twins were in her womb.

Gen 38:28  And it came to be, when she was giving birth, that the one put out his hand. And the midwife took a scarlet thread and bound it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.”

Gen 38:29  And it came to be, as he drew back his hand, that see, his brother came out! And she said, “How did you break through? This breach be upon you!” So his name was called Perets.

Gen 38:30  And afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand. So his name was called Zeraḥ.

Jacob/Esau

Peretz/Zarah

Zechariah 1:1-4:7

Zec 1:1  In the eighth month of the second year of Dareyawesh, the word of יהוה came to Zeḵaryah son of Bereḵyah, son of Iddo the prophet, saying,

Zec 1:2  “יהוה was very wroth with your fathers.

Zec 1:3  “And you shall say to them, ‘Thus said יהוה of hosts, “Turn back to Me,” declares יהוה of hosts, “and I shall turn back to you,” declares יהוה of hosts.

Zec 1:4  “Do not be like your fathers, to whom the former prophets proclaimed, saying, ‘Thus said יהוה of hosts, “Turn back now from your evil ways and your evil deeds.” ’ But they did not obey or give heed to Me,” declares יהוה.

Zec 1:5  “Your fathers, where are they? And the prophets, do they live forever?

Zec 1:6  “But My words and My laws, which I commanded My servants the prophets, did they not overtake your fathers?” “Then they turned back and said, ‘As יהוה of hosts planned to do to us, according to our ways and according to our deeds, so He has done with us.’ ” ’ ”

Zec 1:7  On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sheḇat, in the second year of Dareyawesh, the word of יהוה came to Zeḵaryah son of Bereḵyahu, son of Iddo the prophet, saying,

Zec 1:8  “I looked at night and saw a man riding on a red horse, and he was standing among the myrtle trees in the shade. And behind him were horses: red, sorrel, and white.”

Zec 1:9  And I said, “My master, what are these?” And the messenger who was speaking to me said to me, “Let me show you what they are.”

Zec 1:10  And the man who stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, “They are the ones יהוה has sent to go throughout the earth.”

Zec 1:11  And they answered the messenger of יהוה, who stood among the myrtle trees, and said, “We have gone throughout the earth, and see, all the earth is at peace and rest.”

Zec 1:12  And the messenger of יהוה answered and said, “O יהוה of hosts, how long would You have no compassion on Yerushalayim and on the cities of Yehuḏah, against which You were enraged these seventy years?”

Zec 1:13  And יהוה answered the messenger who talked to me, good words, comforting words.

Zec 1:14  And the messenger who spoke with me said to me, “Proclaim, saying, ‘Thus said יהוה of hosts, “I have been jealous for Yerushalayim and for Tsiyon with great jealousy.

Zec 1:15  “And I am very wroth with the nations who are at ease, for when I was a little wroth, they furthered the evil!”

Zec 1:16  ‘Therefore thus said יהוה, “I shall return to Yerushalayim with compassion. My house shall be built in it,” declares יהוה of hosts, “and a surveyor’s line be stretched out over Yerushalayim.” ’

Zec 1:17  “Again proclaim, saying, ‘Thus said יהוה of hosts, “Again My cities shall overflow with goodness. And יהוה shall again comfort Tsiyon, and shall again choose1 Yerushalayim.” ’ ” Footnote: 1See 2:12, Isa. 14:1.

Zec 1:18  And I lifted up my eyes and looked, and saw four horns.

Zec 1:19  And I said to the messenger who was speaking to me, “What are these?” And he said to me, “These are the horns that have scattered Yehuḏah, Yisra’ĕl, and Yerushalayim.”

Zec 1:20  And יהוה showed me four craftsmen.

Zec 1:21  And I said, “What are these coming to do?” And he spoke saying, “These are the horns that scattered Yehuḏah, so that no one lifted up his head. But these come to trouble them, to throw down the horns of the gentiles that lifted up their horn against the land of Yehuḏah to scatter it.”

Zec 2:1  And I lifted up my eyes and looked, and saw a man with a measuring line in his hand.

Zec 2:2  And I said, “Where are you going?” And he said to me, “To measure Yerushalayim, to see what is its width and what is its length.”

Zec 2:3  And see, the messenger who was speaking to me was going out. And another messenger was coming out to meet him,

Zec 2:4  and he said to him, “Run, speak to this young man, saying, ‘Yerushalayim is to remain unwalled, because of the many men and livestock in it.

Zec 2:5  ‘For I Myself am to her,’ declares יהוה, ‘a wall of fire all around, and for esteem I am in her midst.’ ”

Zec 2:6  “Oh, Oh! And flee from the land of the north,” declares יהוה, “for I have scattered you like the four winds of the heavens,” declares יהוה.

Zec 2:7  “Oh, Tsiyon! Escape, you who dwell with the daughter of Baḇel.”

Zec 2:8  For thus said יהוה of hosts (for the sake of esteem He sent me to the gentiles which plunder you): “For he who touches you touches the apple of My eye1. Footnote: 1Dt. 32:10.

Zec 2:9  “For look, I am waving My hand against them, and they shall become spoil for their servants. And you shall know that יהוה of hosts has sent Me.

Zec 2:10  “Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Tsiyon! For look, I am coming, and shall dwell in your midst1,” declares יהוה. Footnote: 1Isa. 12:6.

Zec 2:11  “And many gentiles shall be joined to יהוה in that day1, and they shall become My people. And I shall dwell in your midst. And you shall know that יהוה of hosts has sent Me to you. Footnote: 1Isa. 14:1, Isa. 56:6-8, Isa. 60:3, Ezek. 47:22-23, John 10:16, Acts 15:14-17.

Zec 2:12  “And יהוה shall inherit Yehuḏah, His portion in the Set-apart Land. And He shall again choose Yerushalayim1. Footnote: 1See 1:17.

Zec 2:13  “Hush, all flesh, before יהוה, for He has roused Himself out of His set-apart dwelling!”

Zec 3:1  And he showed me Yehoshua the high priest standing before the messenger of יהוה, and Satan standing at his right hand to be an adversary to him.

Zec 3:2  And יהוה said to Satan, “יהוה rebuke you, Satan! יהוה who has chosen Yerushalayim rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?”

Zec 3:3  And Yehoshua was dressed in filthy garments, and was standing before the messenger.

Zec 3:4  And He answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, “Remove the filthy garments from him.” And to him He said, “See, I have removed your guilt from you, and shall put costly robes on you.”

Zec 3:5  And I said, “Let them put a clean turban on his head.” Then they put a clean turban on his head, and they put garments on him. And the messenger of יהוה stood by.

Zec 3:6  And the messenger of יהוה witnessed to Yehoshua, saying,

Zec 3:7  “Thus said יהוה of hosts, ‘If you walk in My ways, and if you guard My duty, then you shall also rule My house, and also guard My courts. And I shall give you access among these standing here.

Zec 3:8  ‘Now listen, Yehoshua the high priest, you and your companions who sit before you, for they are men of symbol. For look, I am bringing forth My Servant – the Branch1. Footnote: 1Or Sprout. See Isa. 4:2, Isa. 11:1, Jer. 23:5, Jer. 33:15, Zech. 6:12.

Zec 3:9  ‘See the stone which I have put before Yehoshua: on one stone are seven eyes. See, I am engraving its inscription,’ declares יהוה of hosts, ‘and I shall remove the guilt of that land in one day.

Zec 3:10  ‘In that day,’ declares יהוה of hosts, ‘you shall invite one another, under the vine and under the fig tree.’ ”

Zec 4:1  And the messenger who was speaking to me came back and woke me up as a man is awakened from sleep.

Zec 4:2  And he said to me, “What do you see?” So I said, “I have looked, and see: a lampstand all of gold with a bowl on top of it, and on the stand seven lamps with seven spouts to the seven lamps.

Zec 4:3  “And two olive trees are by it, one at the right of the bowl and the other at its left.”

Zec 4:4  Then I responded and spoke to the messenger who was speaking to me, saying, “What are these, my master?”

Zec 4:5  And the messenger who was speaking to me answered and said to me, “Do you not know what these are?” And I said, “No, my master.”

Zec 4:6  And he answered and said to me, “This is the word of יהוה to Zerubbaḇel, ‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ said יהוה of hosts.

Zec 4:7  ‘Who are you, great mountain, before Zerubbaḇel? A plain! And he shall bring forth the capstone with shouts of “Favour, favour to it!” ’ ”

Ezekiel 1:1-28

Eze 1:1  And it came to be in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth of the month, as I was among the exiles by the River Keḇar, the heavens were opened and I saw visions of Elohim.

Eze 1:2  On the fifth of the month, in the fifth year of Sovereign Yehoyaḵin’s exile,

Eze 1:3  the word of יהוה came expressly to Yeḥezqĕl the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the River Keḇar. And the hand of יהוה came upon him there.

Eze 1:4  And I looked and saw a whirlwind coming out of the north, a great cloud with fire flashing itself. And brightness was all around it, and out of its midst like glowing metal, out of the midst of the fire,

Eze 1:5  and out of the midst of it came what looked like four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had the likeness of a man.

Eze 1:6  And each one had four faces, and each one had four wings.

Eze 1:7  And their feet were straight feet, and the soles of their feet were like the sole of a calves’ foot. And they sparkled like the appearance of polished bronze,

Eze 1:8  and under their wings on their four sides were the hands of a man. And each of the four had faces and wings –

Eze 1:9  their wings touched one another. They did not turn when they went, but each one went straight forward.

Eze 1:10  And the likeness of their faces: the face of a man, and each of the four had the face of a lion on the right side, and each of the four had the face of an ox on the left side, and each of the four had the face of an eagle.

Eze 1:11  Such were their faces. Their wings were spread upward, two of each touched one another, and two covered their bodies.

Eze 1:12  And each one went straight forward, going wherever the spirit was to go, and they did not turn when they went.

Eze 1:13  And the likeness of the living creatures: their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of torches, moving back and forth among the living creatures. And the fire was bright, and out of the fire went lightning.

Eze 1:14  And the living creatures ran back and forth, like the appearance of a flash of lightning.

Eze 1:15  And I looked at the living creatures, and saw a wheel on the earth beside each living creature with its four faces.

Eze 1:16  The appearance of the wheels and their works was like the appearance of beryl, and all four had the same form. The appearance of their works was, as it were, a wheel in the middle of a wheel.

Eze 1:17  When they went, they went in any one of four directions, they did not turn aside when they went.

Eze 1:18  And their rims were high and awesome, and their rims were covered with eyes, all around the four of them.

Eze 1:19  And when the living creatures went, the wheels went beside them. And when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.

Eze 1:20  Wherever the spirit was to go, they went, because there the spirit went. And the wheels were lifted together with them, for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.

Eze 1:21  When those went, these went; when those stood, these stood. And when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up together with them, for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.

Eze 1:22  And a likeness was over the heads of the living creatures, an expanse like the appearance of an awesome crystal, stretched out over their heads.

Eze 1:23  And under the expanse their wings were straight, one toward another. Each one had two which covered one side, and each one had two which covered the other side of the body.

Eze 1:24  And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of many waters, like the voice of the Almighty, a tumult like the noise of an army. And when they stood still, they let down their wings.

Eze 1:25  And a voice came from above the expanse that was over their heads. When they stood, they dropped their wings.

Eze 1:26  And above the expanse over their heads was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like a sapphire stone. And on the likeness of the throne was a likeness as the appearance of a man high above it.

Eze 1:27  And from the appearance of His waist and upward I saw what looked like glowing metal with the appearance of fire all around within it. And from the appearance of His waist and downward I saw what looked like fire, and brightness all around.

Eze 1:28  As the appearance of a rainbow in a cloud on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the brightness all around it. This was the appearance of the likeness of the esteem of יהוה. And when I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard a voice of One speaking.

Brit Hadasha: Luke 17:11 – 18:14

Luk 17:11  And it came to be, as He went to Yerushalayim, that He passed through the midst of Shomeron and Galil.

Luk 17:12  And as He was entering into a certain village, He was met by ten leprous men, who stood at a distance.

Luk 17:13  And they lifted up their voices, saying, “יהושע, Master, have compassion on us!”

Luk 17:14  And having seen them, He said to them, “Go, show yourselves to the priests.” And it came to be, that as they were going, they were cleansed.

Luk 17:15  And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, returned, praising Elohim with a loud voice,

Luk 17:16  and he fell down upon his face at His feet, giving thanks to Him. And he was a Shomeronite.

Luk 17:17  And יהושע answering, said, “Were there not ten cleansed? But where are the nine?

Luk 17:18  “Was no one found to return to give praise to Elohim, except this foreigner?”

Luk 17:19  And He said to him, “Rise, go your way. Your belief has made you well.”

Luk 17:20  And having been asked by the Pharisees when the reign of Elohim would come, He answered them and said, “The reign of Elohim does not come with intent watching,

Luk 17:21  nor shall they say, ‘Look here!’ or ‘Look there!’ For look, the reign of Elohim is in your midst!”

Luk 17:22  And He said to the taught ones, “Days shall come when you shall long to see one of the days of the Son of Aḏam, but you shall not see it.

Luk 17:23  “And they shall say to you, ‘Look here!’ or ‘Look there!’ Do not go after them, nor follow.

Luk 17:24  “For as the lightning that flashes out of one part under heaven shines to the other part under heaven, so also the Son of Aḏam shall be in His day.

Luk 17:25  “But first He has to suffer much and be rejected by this generation.

Luk 17:26  “And as it came to be in the days of Noaḥ, so also shall it be in the days of the Son of Aḏam:

Luk 17:27  “They were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noaḥ went into the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all.

Luk 17:28  “And likewise, as it came to be in the days of Lot: They were eating, they were drinking, they were buying, they were selling, they were planting, they were building,

Luk 17:29  but on the day Lot went out of Seḏom it rained fire and sulphur from heaven and destroyed all.

Luk 17:30  “It shall be the same in the day the Son of Aḏam is revealed.

Luk 17:31  “In that day, he who shall be on the house-top, and his goods in the house, let him not come down to take them away. And likewise the one who is in the field, let him not turn back.

Luk 17:32  “Remember the wife of Lot.

Luk 17:33  “Whoever seeks to save his life shall lose it, and whoever loses his life shall preserve it.

Luk 17:34  “I say to you, in that night there shall be two in one bed, the one shall be taken and the other shall be left.

Luk 17:35  “Two shall be grinding together, the one shall be taken and the other shall be left.

Luk 17:36  “Two shall be in the field, the one shall be taken and the other shall be left.”

Luk 17:37  And they answering, said to Him, “Where, Master?” And He said to them, “Where the body is, there also the eagles shall be gathered together.”

Luk 18:1  And He spoke a parable to them, that they should always pray and not lose heart,

Luk 18:2  saying, “In a certain city there was a certain judge, not fearing Elohim nor regarding man.

Luk 18:3  “And a widow was in that city, and she came to him, saying, ‘Do right to me on my adversary.’

Luk 18:4  “And he would not for a while, but afterward he said within himself, ‘Even if I do not fear Elohim nor regard man,

Luk 18:5  yet because this widow troubles me I shall do right to her, lest by her continual coming she wears me out.’ ”

Luk 18:6  And the Master said, “Hear what the unrighteous judge said.

Luk 18:7  “And shall Elohim not do right by all means to His own chosen ones who are crying out day and night to Him, and being patient over them?

Luk 18:8  “I say to you that He shall do right to them speedily. But when the Son of Aḏam comes, shall He find the belief on the earth?”

Luk 18:9  And He also spoke this parable to some who relied on themselves that they were righteous, and looking down on others:

Luk 18:10  “Two men went up to the Set-apart Place to pray – the one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.

Luk 18:11  “The Pharisee stood and began to pray with himself this way, ‘Elohim, I thank You that I am not like the rest of men, swindlers, unrighteous, adulterers, or even as this tax collector.

Luk 18:12  ‘I fast twice a week, I give tithes of all that I possess.’

Luk 18:13  “But the tax collector standing at a distance would not even raise his eyes to the heaven, but was beating his breast, saying, ‘Elohim, show favour unto me, a sinner!’

Luk 18:14  “I say to you, this man went down to his house declared right, rather than the other. For everyone who is exalting himself shall be humbled, and he who is humbling himself shall be exalted.”

John 19:31-37

Joh 19:31  Therefore, since it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the stake on the Sabbath – for that Sabbath was a high one – the Yehuḏim asked Pilate to have their legs broken, and that they be taken away.

Joh 19:32  Therefore the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was impaled with Him,

Joh 19:33  but when they came to יהושע and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.

Joh 19:34  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and instantly blood and water came out.

Joh 19:35  And he who has seen has witnessed, and his witness is true. And he knows that he is speaking the truth, in order that you might believe.

Joh 19:36  For this took place in order for the Scripture to be filled: “Not one of His bones shall be broken.”

Joh 19:37  And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”

Acts 2:1-47

Act 2:1  And when the Day of the Festival of Weeks had come, they were all with one mind in one place.

Act 2:2  And suddenly there came a sound from the heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

Act 2:3  And there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and settled on each one of them.

Act 2:4  And they were all filled with the Set-apart Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them to speak.

Act 2:5  Now in Yerushalayim there were dwelling Yehuḏim, dedicated men from every nation under the heaven.

Act 2:6  And when this sound came to be, the crowd came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language.

Act 2:7  And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying to each other, “Look, are not all these who speak Galileans?

Act 2:8  “And how do we hear, each one in our own language in which we were born?

Act 2:9  “Parthians and Medes and Ěylamites, and those dwelling in Aram Naharayim, both Yehuḏah and Kappadokia, Pontos and Asia,

Act 2:10  both Phrygia and Pamphulia, Mitsrayim and the parts of Libya around Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Yehuḏim and converts,

Act 2:11  “Cretans and Araḇs, we hear them speaking in our own tongues the great deeds of Elohim.”

Act 2:12  And they were all amazed, and were puzzled, saying to each other, “What does this mean?”

Act 2:13  And others mocking said, “They have been filled with sweet wine.”

Act 2:14  But Kĕpha, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice and said to them, “Men of Yehuḏah and all those dwelling in Yerushalayim, let this be known to you, and listen closely to my words.

Act 2:15  “For these men are not drunk, as you imagine, since it is only the third hour of the day.

Act 2:16  “But this is what was spoken by the prophet Yo’ĕl:

Act 2:17  ‘And it shall be in the last days, says Elohim, that I shall pour out of My Spirit on all flesh. And your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams,

Act 2:18  and also on My male servants and on My female servants I shall pour out My Spirit in those days, and they shall prophesy.

Act 2:19  ‘And I shall show wonders in the heaven above and signs in the earth beneath: blood and fire and vapour of smoke.

Act 2:20  ‘The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and splendid day of יהוה.

Act 2:21  ‘And it shall be that everyone who calls on the Name of יהוה shall be saved.’1 Footnote: 1Joel 2:28-32, Rom. 10:13.

Act 2:22  “Men of Yisra’ĕl, hear these words: יהושע of Natsareth, a Man from Elohim, having been pointed out to you by mighty works, and wonders, and signs which Elohim did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know,

Act 2:23  this One, given up by the set purpose and foreknowledge of Elohim, you have impaled and put to death through the hands of lawless men –

Act 2:24  “Him Elohim raised up, having loosed the pangs of death, because it was impossible that He could be held in its grip.

Act 2:25  “For Dawiḏ says concerning Him, ‘I saw יהוה before me continually, because He is at my right hand, in order that I should not be shaken.

Act 2:26  ‘For this reason my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad, and now my flesh shall also rest in expectation,

Act 2:27  because You shall not leave my being in the grave, nor shall You give Your Kind One to see corruption.

Act 2:28  ‘You have made known to me the ways of life, You shall fill me with joy in Your presence.’1 Footnote: 1Ps. 16:8-11.

Act 2:29  “Men and brothers, let me speak boldly to you of the ancestor Dawiḏ, that he died and was buried,1 and his tomb is with us to this day. Footnote: 1See v. 34.

Act 2:30  “Being a prophet, then, and knowing that Elohim had sworn with an oath to him: of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, to raise up the Messiah to sit on his throne,

Act 2:31  foreseeing this he spoke concerning the resurrection of the Messiah, that His being was neither left in the grave, nor did His flesh see corruption.

Act 2:32  “Elohim has raised up this יהושע, of which we are all witnesses.

Act 2:33  “Therefore, having been exalted to the right hand of Elohim, and having received from the Father the promise of the Set-apart Spirit, He poured out this which you now see and hear.

Act 2:34  “For Dawiḏ did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself said, ‘יהוה said to my Master, “Sit at My right hand,

Act 2:35  until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.” ’1 Footnote: 1Ps. 110:1.

Act 2:36  “Therefore let all the house of Yisra’ĕl know for certain that Elohim has made this יהושע, whom you impaled, both Master and Messiah.”

Act 2:37  And having heard this, they were pierced to the heart, and said to Kĕpha and the rest of the emissaries, “Men, brothers, what shall we do?”

Act 2:38  And Kĕpha said to them, “Repent, and let each one of you be immersed in the Name of יהושע Messiah for the forgiveness of sins.1 And you shall receive the gift of the Set-apart Spirit. Footnote: 1See 2:40, 3:19, 3:26.

Act 2:39  “For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are far off, as many as יהוה our Elohim shall call.”

Act 2:40  And with many other words he earnestly witnessed and urged them, saying, “Be saved from this crooked generation.”1 Footnote: 1Jer. 51:6, Phil. 2:15, Rev. 18:4.

Act 2:41  Then those, indeed, who gladly received his word, were immersed. And on that day about three thousand beings were added to them.

Act 2:42  And they were continuing steadfastly in the teaching of the emissaries, and in the fellowship, and in the breaking of bread, and in the prayers.

Act 2:43  And fear came upon every being, and many wonders and signs were being done through the emissaries.

Act 2:44  And all those who believed were together, and had all in common,

Act 2:45  and sold their possessions and property, and divided them among all, as anyone might have need.

Act 2:46  And day by day, continuing with one mind in the Set-apart Place, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart,

Act 2:47  praising Elohim and having favour with all the people. And the Master added to the assembly those who were being saved, day by day.

1 Corinthians 10:1-13

1Co 10:1  For I do not wish you to be ignorant, brothers, that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea,

1Co 10:2  and all were immersed into Mosheh in the cloud and in the sea,

1Co 10:3  and all ate the same spiritual food,

1Co 10:4  and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed, and the Rock was Messiah.

1Co 10:5  However, with most of them Elohim was not well pleased, for they were laid low in the wilderness.

1Co 10:6  And these became examples for us, so that we should not lust after evil, as those indeed lusted.

1Co 10:7  And do not become idolaters as some of them, as it has been written, “The people sat down to eat and to drink, and stood up to play.”

1Co 10:8  Neither should we commit whoring, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell,

1Co 10:9  neither let us try Messiah, as some of them also tried, and were destroyed by serpents,

1Co 10:10  neither grumble, as some of them also grumbled, and were destroyed by the destroyer.

1Co 10:11  And all these came upon them as examples, and they were written as a warning to us, on whom the ends of the ages have come,

1Co 10:12  so that he who thinks he stands, let him take heed lest he fall.

1Co 10:13  No trial has overtaken you except such as is common to man, and Elohim is trustworthy, who shall not allow you to be tried beyond what you are able, but with the trial shall also make the way of escape, enabling you to bear it.

Revelation 11:1-19

Rev 11:1  And a reed like a measuring rod was given to me, and the messenger stood, saying, “Rise and measure the Dwelling Place of Elohim, and the altar, and those worshipping in it.

Rev 11:2  “But cast out the court which is outside the Dwelling Place, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the gentiles, and they shall trample the set-apart city under foot for forty-two months.

Rev 11:3  “And I shall give unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clad in sackcloth.”

Rev 11:4  These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that are standing before the Elohim of the earth.

Rev 11:5  And if anyone wishes to harm them, fire comes out from their mouth and consumes their enemies. And if anyone wishes to harm them, he has to be killed in that way.

Rev 11:6  These possess authority to shut the heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy. And they possess authority over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they wish.

Rev 11:7  And when they have ended their witness, the beast coming up out of the pit of the deep shall fight against them, and overcome them, and kill them,

Rev 11:8  and their dead bodies lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Seḏom and Mitsrayim, where also our Master was impaled,

Rev 11:9  and some of the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations see their dead bodies for three and a half days, and not allow their dead bodies to be placed into tombs,

Rev 11:10  and those dwelling on the earth rejoice over them and exult. And they shall send gifts to each other, because these two prophets tortured those dwelling on the earth.

Rev 11:11  And after the three and a half days a spirit of life from Elohim entered into them, and they stood upon their feet, and great fear fell on those who saw them.

Rev 11:12  And they heard a loud voice from the heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” And they went up into the heaven in a cloud, and their enemies saw them.

Rev 11:13  And in that hour there came to be a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. And in the earthquake seven thousand men were killed, and the rest became afraid and gave esteem to the Elohim of the heaven.

Rev 11:14  The second woe is past, and see, the third woe is coming speedily.

Rev 11:15  And the seventh messenger sounded, and there came to be loud voices in the heaven, saying, “The reign of this world has become the reign of our Master, and of His Messiah, and He shall reign forever and ever!”1 Footnote: 1See 12:10, Ps. 2:8, Ps. 22:28, Dan. 2:44, Dan. 7:13-14, Obad. 15-21, Hag. 2:22, Zech. 14:9.

Rev 11:16  And the twenty-four elders sitting before Elohim on their thrones fell on their faces and worshipped Elohim,

Rev 11:17  saying, “We give You thanks, O יהוה Ěl Shaddai, the One who is and who was and who is coming, because You have taken Your great power and reigned.

Rev 11:18  “And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead to be judged, and to give the reward to Your servants the prophets and to the set-apart ones, and to those who fear Your Name, small and great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.”

Rev 11:19  And the Dwelling Place of Elohim was opened in the heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His Dwelling Place. And there came to be lightnings, and voices, and thunders, and an earthquake, and great hail.

Num 6:22  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 6:23  “Speak to Aharon and his sons, saying, ‘This is how you bless the children of Yisra’ĕl. Say to them:

Num 6:24  “יהוה bless you and guard you;

Num 6:25  יהוה make His face shine upon you, and show favour to you;

Num 6:26  יהוה lift up His face upon you, and give you peace.” ’

Num 6:27  “Thus they shall put My Name on the children of Yisra’ĕl, and I Myself shall bless them.”

Num 6:24         יברכך  יהוה  וישׁמרך׃  

Num 6:25         יאר  יהוה  פניו  אליך  ויחנך׃  

Num 6:26         ישׂא  יהוה  פניו  אליך  וישׂם  לך  שׁלום׃  

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